Ut.% Cbi (k^g ., 2A se^^£, . 1^ c^ - i^ I
2d Session J
I No. 577
ANSELM J, McLAURIN
(Late a Senator from Mississippi)
SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
April 2, 1910
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
April 24, 1910
Compiled under the direction of the Joint Committee on Printing
WASHINGTON : : GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : : 1911
FEi3 1 1911
19. ^e*' 8»
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Proceedings in the Senate 5
Prayer by Rev. U. G. B. Pierce 7
Memorial addresses 9
Address of Mr. Money of Mississippi g
Address of Mr. Lodge of Massachusetts 16
Address of Mr. Bailey of Texas 21
Address of Mr. Gallinger of New Hampshire 24
Address of Mr. Taylor of Tennessee ■ 27
Address of Mr. Percy of Mississippi 31
Proceedings in the House 35
Prayer by Rev. Henr)- N. Couden 37
Memorial addresses ; 39
Address of Mr. Collier of Mississippi 39
Address of Mr. Sherwood of Ohio 45
Address of Mr. Spight of Mississippi 49
Address of Mr. Gardner of Michigan 52
Address of Mr. Candler of Mississippi 55
Address of Mr. Bowers of Mississippi 58
Address of Mr. Burnett of Alabama . . 62
Address of Mr. Calderhead of Kansas. . 65
Address of Mr. Clark of Missouri 70
Address of Mr. Byrd of Mississippi 73
Address of Mr. Sisson of Mississippi 82
Address of Mr. Dickson of Mississippi 88
Address of Mr. Bennet of New York 05
Death of Senator Anselm J. McLaurin
PROCEEDINGS IN THE SENATE
Tuesday, January 4, igio.
The Chaplain, Rev. Ulysses G. B. Pierce, D. D., offered the
Almighty God, our heavenly Father, Who art making all
things new, as we enter upon the labors of the new year grant
unto us, we pray Thee, a new apprehension of Thy divine
majesty and a renewed sense of our dependence upon Thee.
For the tasks that await us Thy strength alone can prepare us;
and in our fresh sorrow Thy grace alone is sufficient for us.
}ilake us glad in Thy salvation, we pray Thee, according to
the days wherein Thou hast afflicted us, and illuminate with
Thy presence the days wherein we have seen trouble; that Thy
work may appear unto Thy servants and Thy glorv upon their
children. And so may our God, who hath loved us and given us
eternal comfort and good hope through grace, comfort our
hearts and establish them in every good word and work. And
unto Thee, our Father, Who art the God of all grace and com-
fort, be glory and praise on earth and in Heaven, now and
Mr. Money. Mr. President, it is my sad duty to announce
to the Senate the death of AnsELM Joseph McLaurIxV, a vSena-
tor in this body from the vState of Mississippi, who died at his
6 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
home at Brandon, Miss., on the evening of the 22d of Decem-
ber last. At some" future time I shall ask the. Senate to stop
its usual business and set aside a day that proper tribute of
respect mav be paid to his Hfe, character, and public services.
I now ofTer the following resolutions, and ask for their adoption.
The Vice-President. The Secretary will read the reso-
The Secretary read the resolutions, as follows:
Resolved, That the Senate has heard with profound sorrow of the death
of the Hon. Anselm Joseph McLaurin, late a Senator from the State of
Resolved, That the Secretary communicate a copy of these resolutions to
the House of Representatives.
The Vice-President. The question is on agreeing to the
resolutions submitted by the Senator from Mississippi.
The resolutions were unanimously agreed to.
Mr. Money. Mr. President, as a further mark of respect
to the memory of the distinguished dead, I move that the Sen-
ate do now adjourn.
The motion was unanimously agreed to; and (at 12 o'clock
and 8 minutes p. m.) the Senate adjourned until to-morrow,
Wednesday, January 5, 1910, at 12 o'clock meridian.
Tuesday, March i, igio.
Mr. Money. I\lr. President, I desire to give notice that on
the same day (Saturday, April 2, 1910), immediately after the
exercises commemorative of the late Senator Johnson, of North
Dakota, I will offer resolutions commemorative of the character
and life of my late colleague, the Hon. Ansel.m J. McL.mrin.
I ask unanimous consent that that order be made.
The Vice-President. Is there objection to the request of
the Senator from Mississippi? The Chair hoars none, and the
order is entered.
Proceedings in the Senate 7
vSaturdav, April 2, iqio.
The Chaplain, Rev. Ulysses G. B. Pierce, D, D., offered the
following prayer :
Almighty God, our heavenly Father, who hast loved us with
an everlasting love and hast called us to this day of tender and
reverent memory; hear us, we pray Thee, as we lift to Thee our
prayer of grateful adoration.
We remember before Thee Thy servants who have labored by
our side, and who, having borne the burden and the heat of the
day, have now gone to their reward. We thank Thee, our
Father, for these who were leaders 6f the people by their coun-
sels, and by their wisdom meet to be rulers. Though their bodies
are buried in peace, yet shall not their names be forgotten. We
rejoice that the memorial of virtue is immortal; seeing that
when it is present men take example of it, and when it is gone
they earnestly desire it. With their strength we are strong,
and their faithfulness makes us faithful. Unite us, we pray
Thee, with the faithful and true, there and here, and join our
hearts with theirs in one fellowship of the Spirit, one beauty of
holiness, and one repose on Thee. Amen.
Mr. Money. Mr. President, I offer the resolutions which I
send to the desk, and ask for their adoption.
The Presiding Officer (Mr. Purcell in the chair). The reso-
lutions will be read by the Secretary.
The resolutions were read, as follows:
Resolved, That the Senate has heard with profound sorrow of the death
of Hon. Anselm Joseph McLAfRix". late a Senator from the State of
Resolved, That as a mark of respect to the memory of the deceased, the
business of the Senate be now suspended to enable his associates to pay
proper tribute to his high character and distinguished public services.
8 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
Resolved, That the Secretary communicate these resolutions to the
House of Representatives and to the family of the deceased.
The Presiding Officer. The question is on agreeing to
The resolutions were unanimously agreed to.
Address of Mr. Money of Mississippi
Address of Mr. Money of Mississippi
Mr. President: AxMSElm Joseph .McLaurin, late a Member
of this body, was born on the 26th of ^larch, 1848, at the town
of Brandon, Miss. When an infant he was carried by his
parents to Smith County and there reared to manhood. Sur-
rounded by clear streams and sweet air, perfumed by the odor
of the pines, and on a farm he acquired that intellectual and
physical stamina which always marked him from boyhood to
Studious and anxious to learn, he applied himself assiduously
to his books. Possessing a naturally bright and active mind, he
advanced rapidly in his studies, and though interrupted by
ser\'ice in the confederate army, he was, before the age of
maturity, fully equipped mentally and physically for whatever
course he might wish to pursue.
I can see with the mind's eye that life with his parents and
seven brothers on the Mississippi farm. The two older people
with eight robust and high-spirited boys at a time when the
farm life in the South possessed its greatest charm and pro-
duced the noblest manhood and womanhood the world has seen.
There where all the family gathered around the table, again at
evening by the fireside in winter, and in the vine-clad porch in
summer. Constantly under the advice, precept, and example of
a father's pride, close under the ever-watchful eye of the tender,
sympathetic mother, with a strong, Scotch clannish feeling of
cooperation among the boys — under this influence and in
this environment he was reared. When 16 years old, young
lo Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
McLauri.n entered the confederate army and ser\-ed during the
remainder of the war.
Coming home from the hardships of a soldier's life he began
to equip himself for life's battles amid political and economic
conditions most threatening to all about him. Large and seri-
ous thoughts possessed the minds of the people.
In this environment and excitement mental development was
rapid, so that, in spite of the difficulties attending, he finished
the law course and was especially licensed to practice his pro-
fession before he had reached the age of legal manhood. At
the age of 23 he won his first political honor by election to
the responsible office of district attorney. As prosecuting
officer for the several counties included in the judicial district
he became rapidly acquainted with the people, learning their
needs, their hopes, and wishes. In the discharge of the func-
tions of this important office he represented his district with dis-
tinguished force and ability and gained the warm approval of
his constituents. He was elected to the state legislature. His
service in that body was diligent, practical, and useful, display-
ing a comprehensive knowledge of the reformed condition of
things and a ready apprehension of what was necessary to be
In 1890 the State of Mississippi held its constitutional con-
vention. It was the first Southern State to make any attempt
to change its organic law so as, if possible, to redeem itself
from the effects of a too-extended franchise and at the same
time to keep within the amendments to the Federal Constitution.
All her sister States have followed the example of Mississippi,
which from the time of its admission into this Union has led in
all judicial reforms.
McLaurin was elected a member of that convention, and that
itself was a signal honor, because the convention involved such
momentous consequences, was full of so many grave dangers
Address of Mr. Money of Mississippi 1 1
and so many perplexities, that the people had cast about and
selected the men of the State that were most distinguished for
their talent, for their courage, for their patriotism, and, above
all, for their conser^-atism. The movement was a popular one,
but was not without opposition. Some of the most distin-
guished people in the State of Mississippi, holding the highest
honors which could be conferred by the people, eminent for their
great abiUties and for their patriotism, for love of their people
and of their State, hesitated to join in the movement. Some of
them opposed it with vigor, with energy, and with talent; but
the movement of the people prevailed, and they selected those
men whom they thought most capable of dealing with the
momentous questions that would arise. McLaurin became one
of the most active, diligent, practical, and courageous Members.
The constructive genius of James Z. George, long an honored
Member of this Senate, made him the great protagonist of that
civil drama; and bearing down any opposition by the force of
his active and virile mind and his undaunted courage, he suc-
ceeded in directing the framing by that constitutional conven-
tion of an instrument which has stood the test of the courts and
has become the model for other States.
When, in 1894, Senator Edward Carey Walthall retired for
the last part of a term in the Senate the legislature, which had
just reelected him for another full term, was in session, and
McLaurin was elected to fill the resigned portion of that term
over several very popular and powerful candidates.
After this, ser\-ing as governor for four years, he met fully
the hopes and expectations of those who gave him the honor.
Having no opponent in the convention which nominated him
for governor, he began his executive work the choice of the
whole people and under obligation to no faction. With his
usual energy and industry he administered public affairs, giving
Uttle attention to hostile criticism, which was occasionally
1.2 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
evoked by his acts. In following the course marked out for him-
self he was not indifferent to praise or blame, in fact, he keenly
appreciated approbation and was sensitive to hostile opinion,
but his determination was too strong to be changed bv one or
the other. At the expiration of that service he was elected to
the Senate over a strong, resourceful, and popular opposition,
and at last he was reelected for the present term without opposi-
tion for nomination in his party or for election before the
His career here is familiar to those who sat here with him.
He was a diligent, industrious, practical, indefatigable, and
wise committee man. He never shirked any obligation. He
had a heavy assignment of committee work, and there was
never any complaint that he shirked or neglected that duty.
He was ready in debate, especially upon legal questions.
While here he endeared himself not only to the Members of
this body but to all the employees, however humble they
might be, by the kindly consideration he always showed them,
by his cheerful good humor, which never flagged.
His purse — a spare one — was open at all times to the needy,
whether friend or stranger. His resources of all kinds were
constantly strained to furnish relief to those encouraged to
come to him by his well-known disposition to help. He did not
talk of these things; he simply gave help and went quietly
Senator McL.ai'Rin's noblest virtue was his willingness to
forget and his ability to forgive. While he compelled his foes-
to feel fully that relationship, yet was he always readv to for-
give, to fly the flag of truce for purposes of peace.
He spoke fewer criticisms of those with whom he disagreed,
said fewer evil things of others than any man I ever knew.
He was courageous but pacific, firm but jilacatory, and I have
never heard him use those ordinary expressions of the vindictive
Address of Mr. Money of Mississippi 13
man about "getting even" with an enemy, "camping on his
trail," or repaying injury.
He was remarkably free from bitterness, and never in my
long and close association with him have I heard a denuncia-
tion from his lips, yet no opportunity was ever lost to give a
kindly word of praise for anyone whom he Uked. Is, then,
there a question as to why this man had so many loyal, affec-
tionate friends at home or why so many of us here loved him ?
As a lawyer he ranked among the first in his State. His
particular forte was criminal law, and I have heard it said by
the best judges in the State that for the management of a case
in court he was without a peer. He had the good fortune, as he
thought, always to be defending innocent men, and he was so
thoroughly enlisted in the cause of his client that he could not
believe him to be guilty. So he derived a certain satisfaction
from that fact, which he was very fond of repeating, and he
called it his good luck that he was never called upon to defend
a man who was really bad.
Senator McLaurin married early in life a lady who was very
superior in judgment, in her personal charms, in the softness
and amiability of her temper. He had a large family, of whom
seven survive, one boy and six girls — the girls noted for physical
beauty and for intellectual grace, the boy inheriting the talents
of his father and pursuing the same profession.
He was a member, and a consistent one, as far as human in-
firmities will permit a man of his temperament to be, of the
Methodist Episcopal Church. He attended its exercises and
implicitly believed in its creed. He never at any time was
harassed by metaphysical speculations, never afflicted with con-
flicting doubts and baffling inquiries into the unknowable. He
never stopped to inquire of the soul whence, whither, or why.
He attempted no revival of memory of a past existence, and
while we have all at different times, throughout all the ages,
14 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
and in every race of mankind, come to the conclusion that the
soul is immortal, some having reasoned it out to a conviction
and some having simply relied upon expectation and the ever-
recurring hope in what they were taught, he had no doubts upon
the matter. He trusted himself to the Bible as a guide for his
faith and practice, and relied upon the kindly assistance of his
His name will long exist as a bright star in the broad firma-
ment of American great names, and the people of his State will
not forget that kindly nature that sprang from a true democracy.
It has been remarked over and over again in his own State that
no man within the State had ever so thoroughly possessed the
love of the people who met him familiarly. His perfect democ-
racy, both in politics and in society; his accessibility, his pla-
cability, his generosity to his family and friends, and his ever
readiness to sympathize with a neighbor made him the idol of
those who knew him best. He was a very devoted and loving
husband and a very fond and indulgent father, and the tender-
ness with which they clung around and to him marked the
depth of their affection which was in response to his own.
With his brothers and with his connections by marriage he
was the soul of generosity.
This man who, from his humble beginning, attained all of
the honors during a period of years that his people could give
him, trusted in every relation of life, responding fully to the
expectations of those who honored him, left the scene of his
activities and his energies when he was beginning to think most
clearly and to act with most wisdom.
I have sometimes wondered, when I thought of this good man
with whom I was so long associated and for whom I held an
afTectionate friendship, why it was that I, so much his senior
and always so afflicted, should have lived when he was taken.
Address of Mr. Money of Mississippi 15
But that is one of the mysteries of that Providence which orders
all things well.
'Tis only a moment God chastens with pain,
Joy follows on sorrow like sunshine on rain.
This the family of this good man can take for their comfort,
Let them bear what God on their spirit shall lay,
Be dumb; but when tempted to murmur, pray.
Mr. President, it is impossible for me to express what I feel
when I speak of my late associate. The sympathy that we had
in our public official business, the conferences we held, the
deference which he, without any merit on my part, was accus-
tomed to show to my opinion, the readiness with which he was
willing to come to terms on anything in dispute, and that ever-
considerate kindness which he showed to me awakened my live-
liest appreciation and deserves and has my gratitude.
There is nothing I can say about McLaurin in his official
career here that would be new to the Senate, but to say that
he was approved at home is merely to say that the people who
elected him knew him.
1 6 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
Address of Mr. Lodge of Massachusetts
Mr. President, the formal eulogy, always difficult, seems
most unsatisfying and insufficient where the affections are
engaged, where the stroke of death has fallen all too soon,
where a gap has been made in friendship which may close
but can never be filled. In speaking of Senator McLaurin I
can think only of the friend and not of the public man. As
wide apart in politics as our States are on the map, my relation
with him was wholly that of a warm personal friendship. I
knew, of course, of his eminence at the bar of his own State, of
his power with a jury. I knew that he had been governor of
INIississippi — an excellent administrator, popular and beloved.
I was familiar with his work here, with his ability in debate,
with his care and good sense as a legislator, and with his courage
of conviction that never failed. Others will speak of his attri-
butes and career as a public man and of the character and
quality of his public service with a more intimate knowledge
than I possess and better than I could hope to do. I should
like for my part to give, if I can, the impression which he made
on me as a friend and as an associate in the work of the Senate,
especially on the Immigration Commission, wholly removed
from the differences of party politics and policies.
I was here when Mr. McL.'M'RI.n entered the Senate, but dur-
ing his first period of service I only knew him slightly. Then
he left us to become governor of his State, and it was after his
return, and during his second term as Senator, that I came to
know him well, to learn what a delightful companion he could
be, to appreciate his humor and kindliness, and to understand
the qualities which made all his friends regard him with so
much affection. vSoine of those qualities of mind and heart lay
upon the surface, others were deeper and less obvious.
Address of Mr. Lodge of Massachusetts 17
In trying to depict him as he seemed to me in life and as he
seems to me now even more strongly in memory, there is one
word which I must use but which I can not employ without ex-
planation. ?ilerely to apply it and pass on would only leave
upon the record a commonplace and perfunctory phrase, and
however inadequately I may speak I can not suffer any words
of mine to appear perfunctory when uttered over the grave of
a man toward whom I felt as I did to Senator McLaurtn.
Therefore I musi try to explain what the word I am about to
use means to me when I apply it to my dead friend.
Among the many excellent words which have been driven into
exile, spoiled, discredited, vulgarized by misuse, abuse, and in-
discriminate and meaningless application none has fared worse
than those fine old words "gentleman " and " lady." They have
been flung about as if they merely indicated sex and species,
and most people shrink from them because they seem to have
lost reality and become a kind of cast-off finery. They have
been treated as if they did not possess a deep significance, all
the deeper as the idea of rank and artificial distinction has
faded from them and been replaced by a conception of charac-
ter and conduct, of manners and beliefs which no other phrase
conveys. Yet it is sometimes impossible to express one's
thought except by using the word "gentleman," although it
should never be employed lightly or unadvisedly. Even where
it is properly used and justly applied it is too often narrowed
by coupling with it qualifications of place or time, like "a fine
old English gentleman," or "a gentleman born," or "a gentle-
man of the old school." To do this is to confuse the incidental
and accidental with the permanent and essential. Manners
vary with place and time; they are important, but after all are
only "letters commendatory" as Queen Isabella called them.
Customs and standards of behavior change, but a gentleman in
the highest and truest acceptation must always and everywhere
67675° — S. Doc. 577, 61-2 2
1 8 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
and at all epochs have been the same, for the word could not
otherwise fulfill the idea which it conveys and which has been
slowly formed through centuries of time. Yet clear as the con-
ception is, definition in language is almost hopelessly dilTficult.
None of the many hitherto attempted, and their name is
legion — not even the best — is wholly satisfactory. Neverthe-
less, every one knows what the word in its highest significance
means. " Honor and shame from no condition rise. " A plow-
boy .may be a gentleman and so may an earl, but not because
the one happens to be a peer and the other a lad from the fur-
row. We know instinctively what we mean when we say
"gentleman," even if we can not express it, just as we know
without analysis that —
.\bsent thee from felicity awhile —
is noble and beautiful verse and that —
The world's a bubble and the li/e of man
Less than a span —
Take two of the greatest of the sons of men, Caesar and
Napoleon. Although it would require many pages to tell my
reasons, I am none the less sure that the Roman was a gentle-
man and that the Corsican, for all his marvelous genius, was
not. The greatest soldier and one of the greatest diplomatists
produced by the English-speaking race was the first Duke of
Marlborough; one of the greatest men of ail time was George
Washington. 1 am sure that George Washington was also a
great gentleman and that John Churchill was not. When
Thackeray sought to show that George IV, commonly called
in his day "The first gentleman in Europe," was the reverse
of everything that a gentleman ought to be, he contrasted the
King at his coming-out ball as Prince of Wales with Washing-
ton resigning his command at Annapolis. It is a very noble
Address of Mr. Lodge of Massachusetts 19
passage, and then Thackeray tries to define a gentleman. Per-
haps no one has come nearer to the ideal we all have in our
What is it to be a gentleman?
Is it to have lofty aims, to lead a pure life, to keep your honor virgin, to
have the esteem of your fellow-citizens and the love of your fireside, to bear
good fortune meekly, to suffer evil with constancy, and tlirough evil or good
to maintain truth always? Show me the happy man whose life exhibits
these qualities, and him we will salute as gentleman, whatever his rank
With these words on my lips let me now say that what I felt
most strongly in Senator McL/\urin was that he was such a
thorough gentleman. As I saw him he was always a kind,
gentle, generous, loyal friend. Thackeray, if I may quote him
.once more, defined the "snob," whom he made the subject
of the most ferocious and most brilliant satire of the last cen-
tury, as one "who meanly admires a mean thing." Senator
McL.-\URiN was incapable of mean admiration of anything, most
of all of a mean thing. He was as free from envy as he was from
subserviency. He grudged no man good fortune; he bent the
knee neither to place nor power, least of all to mere monev, the
god of modern idolatry.
Some years ago I asked him to do me a favor, to give me an
assurance which would enable me to go home on an errand of
great importance to me. He probably forgot it all and never
thought of it again. I have never forgotten what he said and
never can. The words he used as he gave me the assurance I
asked revealed to me in a flash a noble, loyal, and generous
heart; a quick and comprehending sympathy only too rarely
found. I felt that here was a man to whom I could intrust my
honor or my fortune or the welfare of those I love better far than
aught else the world can give. I felt that he would guard a
20 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
trust more sacredly than his own life, as jealously as his own
honor, and rather than fail would fall with it as "Good Sir
James" of Douglas fell among the Moorish squadrons with the
heart of the Bruce locked in its jeweled casket beneath him.
The feeling and the faith he then inspired in me have never
changed. His death only renders them more vivid and my
sorrow more keen as I make record of them here.
Address of Mr. Bailey of Texas 21
Address of Mr. Bailey of Texas
Mr. President, during the twenty years that I have served
in the two Houses of Congress I have never before partici-
pated in a memorial ser\ace, but my relations with Senator
McLaurin were such that I am not willing for these exer-
cises to close without expressing that affectionate regard in
which I cherished him for so many years. We were born in
counties which touch each other, and he was the first man of
political distinction whose personal acquaintance it was my
privilege to enjoy. I was then a mere boy, and though he was
himself a very young man, he had won a high place in the con-
fidence and esteem of the people of Mississippi. It happened
that mv father helped to secure for him the first nomination
which his people ever bestowed upon him, and many years
after that he repaid that kindness by helping to secure for me
the first nomination which I ever received at the hands of
From the first day I knew him until he passed from amongst
us there was never a moment that I did not love him. Thrown
with him in the most intimate association, which the lawyers
can well understand, or at least those of them who have prac-
ticed law at the circuit, brought in close contact with him while
we were attending court in the interior counties, which were not
reached by the railroad, and there for a week at a time, through
the day in the court room and during the night in an old-
fashioned country tavern, I learned to know him as men come
to know each other under such associations.
I have seen him under circumstances that tried a man as by
the fire, but I never knew him to do anything or to say any-
thing that his friends could not remember with satisfaction.
22 Memorial Addresses^ Senator McLaurin
He was, as the Senator from Massachusetts [Mr. Lodge]
has so well said, preeminently a gentleman, and he was more,
if a man can be more than that. He was as loyal a friend as
ever breathed the breath of life, and was as unselfish a patriot
as ever ser\'ed a country. Gentle as a woman and amiable as
any man ought to be, he was yet as firm against those who
entreated him to do what his conscience would not permit as
any man I have ever known. He never betrayed a trust or
deserted a friend, though he did sometimes practice the virtue
of forgiving an enemy.
Confiding as a child, I have known his confidence to be
abused, but I never heard him utter a complaint against even
those who abused it. He lived in that sublime philosophy
which teaches us that it is better to have our confidence be-
trayed by some men than it is to lose our confidence in all
Not only, Mr. President, was he all that a man, a neighbor,
a friend, a citizen, and a public servant should be, but to all
those personal qualities he added an intellectual power which
was never fully appreciated in this Chamber. Though he com-
manded the respect of every Senator on both sides, and though
his opinions were received with a certain deference, yet as one
who loved him more and more than did anybody who did not
bear his blood, I know that highly as he was appreciated by all
here, he was still not appreciated as he would have been had
God spared his life and his people continued him in their serv-
ice, because I know the quality of his intellect and I know that
it would have elevated him to a still higher place in this body.
I have seen him in the court room, where he was almost
invincible. Indeed, Mr. I^resident, I say it with affection, but I
sav it because it is the truth, he was almost an obstruction to
the administration of justice. He could come nearer, in his
addresses to the jury, "making the worse appear the better
Address of Mr. Bailey of Texas 23
reason," than any man whom it has ever been my privilege to
hear on frequent occasions. The records of the courts in the
State where we were born and where his splendid talents were
employed bear ample witness of his power in that respect; and
perhaps the highest tribute that I can pay to him, and when I
have said that I am done, is to say that he was a great and
successful criminal lawyer, who never engaged in criminal
24 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
Address of Mr. Gallinger of New Hampshire
Mr. President, others will speak at length and with particu-
larity of the life and services of our departed associate, the Hon.
AnsElm J. McL.\URiN, of Mississippi. For me a few simple
words of regard and appreciation will suffice.
I served with Mr. McL-^urin for a considerable time on an
important committee; and in that way learned to admire his
industry and ability and to highly esteem him for qualities of
heart and mind that endeared him to all with whom he came
in contact. I counted him as my friend, and his death came to
me in the nature of a personal bereavement.
Mr. President, John Fiske, in his posthumous monograph on
Life Everlasting, gives an admirable description of the faith
of to-day in immortality; a faith which pictures our indestruct-
ible consciousness of a future life. His statement expresses
what science hints at, and what philosophy confirms, as to the
world beyond. These are his words:
That solemn moment in which, for those who have gone before and for us
who are to follow, the eye of sense beholds naught save the ending of the
world, the entrance upon a black and silent eternity, the eye of faith
declares to be the supreme moment of a new birth for the disenthralled soul,
the introduction to a new era of life compared with which the present one
is not wortliy of the name. Who can tell but that this which we call life
is really death, from which what we call dcatli is an awakening? From this
vantage ground of thought the human soul comes to look without dread upon
the termination of tliis terrestrial existence. The failure of the bodily
powers, the stoppage of the fluttering pulse, the cold stillness upon the
features so lately wreathed in smiles of merriment, the corruption of the
tomb, the breaking of the ties of love, the loss of all that has given value
to existence, the dull blankness of irremediable sorrow, the knell of ever-
lasting farewells — all this is seized upon by the sovereign imagination of
man and transformed into a scene of transcending glory, such as in all the
Address of Mr. Gallinger of New Hampshire 25
vast career of the universe is reserved for humanity alone. In the highest
of creatures the divine immanence has acquired sufficient concentration
and steadiness to survive the dissolution of the flesh and assert an individ-
uality untrammeled by the limitations which in the present life everywhere
persistently surround it. Upon this view death is not a calamity, but a
boon; not a punishment inflicted upon man, but the supreme manifestation
of his exceptional prerogative as chief among God's creatures.
Mr. President, as I recall the fact that of the large number
of Senators who were here when I became a member of this
body only six remain, one of whom is to-day hovering between
life and death, I am forcibly reminded that those of us who
still remain will soon join our late associate, and the contempla-
tion of that thought leads me to quote a verse from a little
poem entitled "Sit closer, friends:"
Again a parting sail we see,
Another boat has left the shore;
A kinder soul on board has she
Than ever left the land before;
And as her outward course she bends.
Sit closer, friends.
Mr. McLaurin, whose untimely death we all deeply deplore,
belonged to a class of men not too common in this country. He
was primarily a gentleman — a gentleman at all times and under
all circumstances; a characteristic which the distinguished
Senator from JIassachusetts so interestingly dwelt upon. His
hand grasp was inspiring, and his friendly greeting was con-
tagious. There was a heartiness and sinceritv in his mannei
that endeared him to all with whom he came in contact, and
his warmth of heart and manly conduct will never be forgotten
by those who were privileged to know him as we knew him.
Men like Senator McLaurin have accomplished great results
and have left their impress on the laws and institutions of our
country. A farmer's boy, a soldier, a student, a lawyer, a
state official, and a Senator of the United States; what a record
26 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaiirin
that is for one to achieve practically unaided and alone! It
represents energy, industry, integrity, ambition, and courage.
It means that obstacles were met and overcome, and that suc-
cess was wrought by patient endurance and a sublime faith.
Glancing back over his career, when he had gained the coveted
place in the Senate, he might well have looked forward to the
accomplishment of still greater things for his State and the
Nation. And in this body he did not disappoint those who
admired and trusted him. He was a good Senator, attentive
to his duties, courteous to his associates, and sincere and honest
in his advocacy of public measures. He was a party man, but
not a bigot. He believed in the principles and policies of the
Democratic party, but he cheerfully yielded to others the right
to differ from the beliefs that he held. He was a man of high
ideals and lofty purposes. Full of humor, he was also a man
of deep convictions and serious thought.
In the death of Senator McL.^urin the State of Mississippi
lost a faithful and distinguished servant, and those of us who
served with him here cheerfully bear testimony to the fact that
the Senate of the United States will long miss his genial per-
sonality, his earnest labors, and his devoted service. His death,
so sad and unexpected, is another reminder of the inevitable
and should serve as an incentive to loftier purposes and nobler
deeds on the part of those of us who are left to continue the
labors in which he so lately participated. He is gone, but his
memorv will remain an enduring monument to an honorable,
upright, and distinguished life.
Address of Mr. Taylor of Tennessee 27
Address of Mr. Taylor of Tennessee
Mr. President, to-day the curtain has fallen upon the turbu-
lent scenes of political discussion; the swords of contention are
sheathed, and this great forum of national hope and glory is
turned into a pantheon of memory.
Another noble actor has made his final exit from the stage
of human life, and we lay aside the cares and responsibilities
of public duty to pay tribute to the blessed dead.
AnsEl:\i J. McLaurix, who but a little while ago so ably rep-
resented his State in this body and who seerried so full of health
and hope and energy, in the very noontide of his splendid career
has gone from the clamorous councils of men to the peaceful
silence of the grave; but he shall not sleep alone there, for —
All that tread the globe
Are but a handful to
The tribes that slumber in
And all who breathe to-day, and all the generations yet to
come, must feel the sting that stilled his heart, and go hence
and make their beds with him.
We shall not see our beloved colleague again in this world,
but the influence of his beautiful character and charming per-
sonalitv still lingers here, like the fragrance of roses that are
faded and gone.
History may not write him as great as the greatest states-
man of his day, for he did not employ his faculties as the rep-
resentative of any special interest on this floor; yet he was great
in the superb equiUbrium of his intellectual and moral powers,
and he towered above the majority. He did not jut out like a
monolith, but his sky line was high and even and showed few
28 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
gaps in his journey from the cradle to the grave. He did not
aspire to rule the Nation, yet he ruled supreme in the hearts of
his own people. •
He had a long and eventful career, which culminated in his
election as governor of Mississippi and then to the United vStates
Senate in 1900. He was reelected in 1906, but in the midst of
his sen.-ice to his people and his country, after answering to the
roll call of the Senate for nine years, he was suddenly summoned
to answer to the roll call of eternity.
Mr. President, I believe in the philosophy which teaches that
all things were created for a purpose, and that every child born
into the world is intended to play some legitimate and honorable
part in the great drama of human destiny, looking to the final
perfection and ultimate harmony of all the elements of society
and civilization and the fulfillment of the prophecy that "every
knee shall bow and every tongue confess to the glory of God."
The noble McL.avrin played his role, and played it well. He
was one of the stars in the national cast of characters. He was
a veritable tribune of the people, believing in their sovereignty
and their virtue and always ready to defend them with the
courage of a lion. He was a lawyer of high attainment and a
close student of civic science. He had the faculty of concen-
tration, and there was no shield of sophistry that was proof
against the shafts of his reason; no helmet of hypocrisy that
could withstand the battle-ax of his logic.
He knew how to sympathize with the poor, for he himself had
suffered the privations that followed in the wake of civil war.
He had toiled in the fields for his daily bread. He had fought
his own wa\' into prominence in his chosen profession and
demonstrated the glorious truth that while poverty may hum-
ble the body it can not beggar the intellect nor starve the
aspirations of the soul.
Address of Mr. Taylor of Tennessee 29
Undaunted by the frowns of opposition he pressed through
the thorns of obscurity and climbed to the very summit of
popular favor. Undismayed by the desolation of war that sur-
rounded him, he crossed swords with adversity and won the
jeweled hand of success. He was not permitted to grow old,
but while we can not fathom the mysteries of life and death,
let us hope and believe that He who holds the universe in the
hollow of His hand, yet even marks the sparrow's fall, knows
best when to call us all, and that our colleague and friend has
only obeyed the summons to a higher destiny in a brighter and
He lived and loved, and labored and passed awav, but is it
all of life to live? Is it all of death to die? A still small voice
in every human heart ans-wers "No." The earth beneath us
and the stars above answer "No." The voice of Christ whispers
across the long stretch of nineteen centuries "No." The multi-
tudinous voices of earth and air are prophecies of a world to
be. The flowers of the fields rising from countless graves; the
unfolding leaves of the forest heralding the approach of sum-
mer; the orchards and the meadows bursting into bloom, and
myriads of winged minstrels filling the world with melodv, are
all the evangels of the Lord, demonstrating before our very
eyes the universal victory of life over death.
Mr. President, look how the rose hears the far-away call of
the sun and blushes in the presence of its God. Look how the
violet comes forth from its tiny tomb and opens its glad blue
eyes to greet the spring. Are they not God's own answers to
the question: "If a man die, shall he live again?"
If the germs of inanimate life, buried beneath the sod, so
surely respond to the silent command of summer, who can
doubt that man shall spring up out of the unconscious dust into
eternal life when God shall call? Can it be that the grass and
30 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaur in
the flowers are resurrected from the sod of earth, while man,
for whom they were made, must sleep on forever?
Sir, not only reason, but all nature, teaches us the welcome
lesson of immortality; and, although our tongues mav some-
times deny the faith that is within us, yet when we look down
upon the pallid faces and folded hands of our blessed dead, the
sweet consciousness steals over us that —
Beyond the waking and the sleeping,
Beyond the smiling and the weeping —
we shall meet them again.
Address of Mr. Percy of Mississippi 31
Address of Mr. Percy of Mississippi
Mr. President, other Senators more familiar, through personal
contact and intimate association in the Senate Chamber, with
the career of Senator McLaurin in this body have borne gen-
erous tribute to the high esteem in which he was held by his
brother Senators and to the achievements which mark his
senatorial career; and now just a word of tribute from me to
the man, A. J. McLaurin, as he was known to the people of
Jlississippi. The salient features of his life are found in the
meager biographv in the Congressional Directory. Born in
Mississippi in 1848; reared on a farm; a soldier, answering his
country's call at 16; admitted to the bar at 20, from the pro-
ceeds of his practice caring for afld educating a family of 10
children; district attorney; a member of that constitutional
convention of his State which framed the constitution that has
served as a model for every one adopted since by a Southern
State; governor once; and three times elected United States
Senator, the biography is simple and unostentatious, as was the
subject of it, whose approval it had. Yet it is the story of a
life to which it is meet and proper that we should pay our trib-
ute of esteem and affection, and it is fitting that this tribute
should be spread on the records of this august body —
That, perhaps, another,
Sailing o'er life's solemn main,
A forlorn and shipwrecked brother,
Seeing, may take heart again.
For it tells of a struggle, without the adventitious aid of
wealth or influence, from the farm to the highest positions of
honor and trust within the gift of the people of a State. It is
32 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
the kind of a life story that carries inspiration and hope with
it; that tells of equal opportunity to all in this good land of
ours. Life to him was a struggle, a battle — never a "primrose
path of dalliance." He entered the arena of state politics at
a time when Mississippi's best and brainiest men were strug-
gling for political place and preferment. He pressed steadily
forward to the goal of his ambition, lowering his lance before
no foe, however redoubted he might be. Strong, virile, aggres-
sive, he became a picturesque, dominating personality in state
politics. His enemies were many, and the clan McLaurix, com-
posed of his seven brothers, numerous relatives, and the host of
friends who loved and acknowledged him as chieftain, was the
center of many a bitter fight; but the hills and dales of bonnie
Scotland never boasted of a clan more loyal to its chief nor of
one more eager to render unquestioning obedience to his everv
behest, and again and again it followed him to hard- won victory.
There were no deserters from these ranks, for unconsciously,
witliout effort, he practiced the precept —
Those friends thou hast, and their adoption tried,
Grapple them to thy soul with hooks of steel.
And well he repaid their devotion. Kind and loving as a
father, the humblest follower knew that "Anse," as he loved
to have them call him, was his truest friend and protector.
In those who followed him he saw few faults, and for them
his heart and jjurse were always open. He lived close to the
heart of the plain people. He understood and sympathized
with their every hope, aspiration, and need, and he bound them
to him with ties of l()\e and gratitude.
And so he won his way to this Senate Chamber; and here,
as the years went by, the unfailing courtesy, the kindly dignity,
the patriotism which he brought to the discharge of his high
duties won the iiearts of those who iiad oft opposed him. liver
Address of Mr. Percy of Mississippi 33
growing and broadening with the flight of time, in conquering
others he had conquered self, for —
He held it truth, with him who sings
To one clear harp in divers tones.
That men may rise on stepping stones
Of their dead selves to higher things.
And then, when hfe seemed to stretch fairest before him, the
sagacious leader, the loyal friend, the faithful husband, the
tender, loving father, went to join the loved ones of the clan who
waited for him on the farther shore.
Mr. President, in behalf of the Senators from North Dakota,
my colleague and mvself, I now offer the resolution I send to
the desk and ask for its adoption.
The Presiding Officer. The Secretary will read the
The Secretary read the resolution, as follows:
Resolved, That as a further mark of respect to the memor)' of Mr. Johnson
and Mr. McLaurin, the Senate do now adjourn.
The Presiding Officer. The question is on agreeing to
the resolution submitted by the junior Senator from Mississippi.
The resolution was unanimously agreed to; and (at 2 o'clock
and 10 minutes p. m.) the Senate adjourned until Monday, April
4, 1 910, at 12 o'clock meridian.
67675°— S. Doc. 577, 61-2 3
PROCEEDINGS IN THE HOUSE
Tuesday, Junuary 4, t(}io.
The House met at \2 o'clock noon.
The Cha])kiin, Rev. Henry N. Coiukii, I). D., ofTcred the fol-
lowing ])rayer ;
Once more, Almighty God, our heavenly leather, in ilie dis-
pensation of Thy providence are we brought face to face with a
new year. The past is gone, with its joys and sorrows, iiopes
and disappointments, victories and defeats, leaving us the richer,
if we are wise, by its experiences. Help us, we beseech Thee,
with open hearts, clear conceptions, noble aspirations, and high
ideals to go forward with faith and eonlidence to whatsoever
Thou hast in store for us, that we may use tiie talents, few or
many, which Thou hast bestowed upon ns, that they may in-
crease to our good and add somewhat to the ])ublic weal, seek-
ing ever to fmd the best that is in ourselves and the best that
is in our fellow-men; that we may lend a helping hand to
others and glorify Thy holy name, in Cinist Jesus our l.ord.
A message from the Senate, by Mr. Parkinson, one of its
clerks, announced that the Senate had passed without amend-
nienl liill and joint resohilion of llie following titles:
The message also announced that llie .Senate had passed the
following resolutions :
Resolved, That the Senate has heard uitli i)r(il"()im(l sorrow of ilic diaUi
of the Hon. Anselm Joseph McLatrin, kite a Senator from tlie State of
Resolved, That the Seerctary connminicale a cojiy of these resolutions
to the House of Representatives.
Resolved, That as a further mark of respect to the memory of the <lece;ised
the Senate do now adjourn.
36 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
Mr. Bowers. Mr. Speaker, the House has been advised by
a resolution of the Senate, communicated to this body, of the
recent death of Hon. AnsELM Joseph McLaurin, late a Senator
from the State of Mississippi. At a future time I shall ask
that a day be set aside in order that the House may pay proper
tribute to his memory. In the meantime I offer the following
resolutions, which I send to the desk and ask to have read.
The Clerk read as follows :
Resolved, That the House has heard with profound sorrow of the death of
Hon. Anselm Joseph McLaurin, a Senator of the United States from the
State of Mississippi.
Resolved, That the Clerk communicate these resolutions to the Senate
and transmit a copy thereof to the family of the deceased Senator.
Resolved, That as a further mark of respect the House do now adjourn.
The Speaker. The question is on agreeing to the resolutions.
The resolutions were unanimously agreed to.
Friday, February i8, igio.
Mr. Spight. Mr. Speaker, at a former day of this session
resolutions were presented to the House announcing the death
of Hon. A. T- McLaurin, late a Senator from the State of
Mississippi; and it was stated at that time that at a future
period a day would be set apart for memorial exercises. In
that connection I desire to present the following resolution.
The Speaker. The gentleman from Mississippi asks unani-
mous consent for the present consideration of the resolution
which the Clerk will report.
The Clerk read as follows :
Ordered, That there be a session of the House on Sunday, the 13th day
of March, at 12 o'clock, to be set apart for addresses on the life, character,
and public services of Hon. A. J. McLaurin, late a Senator from the State
The question was taken, and the resolution was agreed to.
Proceedings in the House 37
Sunday, April 24, igio.
The House met at 12 o'clock m.
Prayer by the Chaplain, Rev. Henry N. Couden, D. D., as
O, Thou great Father Soul, in whose boundless and unchang-
ing love we live and move and have our being, we bless Thee for
the sanctity of home with all its sweet and tender associations,
for our Republic with its sacred institutions and high ideals, for
every loyal citizen throughout its length and breadth, for its
Constitution, which recognizes no guild, no party, no section,
no creed, but would guarantee to all liberty, justice, equal rights.
We are here to-day in memory of one of her noble sons who,
early in life thrown upon his own resources, by dint of industry
and perseverance carved for himself a record worthy of all
emulation. His loyalty, ability, and integrity, recognized by the
people of his State, called him to service, which was so willingly
and faithfully performed that he was honored by them with a
place in the United States Senate, where he acquitted himself
with honor to his State and Nation.
We thank Thee for our religion, with its hopes and promises
ever inspiring men to noble life and faithful service. Senator
Mcl/AURIN recognized its great truths and identified himself
with it and died a member of his chosen church.
This be the comfort of those who knew and loved him. Let
the everlasting arms be about the members of his family and
help them to look forward with faith and confidence to that
better life where death never enters; and everlasting praise be
Thine, through Jesus Christ, our Lord. Amen.
The Speaker pro tempore. The Clerk will report the special
order for the day.
The Clerk read as follows:
Ordered, That there be a session of the House on Sundaj-, the loth day
of April, at 12 o'clock, to be set apart for addresses on the life, character,
38 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
and public services of Hon. A. J. McLaurin, late a Senator from the State
Mr. Candler. Mr. Speaker, I offer the following resolution,
which I send to the desk and ask to have read.
The Clerk read as follows:
Whereas the House of Representatives has heard with profound sorrow
of the death of Hon. \. J. McL.M'Rin, late a Senator of the L'nited States
from the State of Mississippi: Therefore, be it
Resolved, That the business of the House be now suspended that oppor-
tunity may be given for tributes to the memory of the late Senator A. J.
McLaurin, and as a particular mark of respect to the memory of the late
Senator A. J. McLaurin, and in recognition of his eminent ability and
distinguished service, the House, at the conclusion of these memorial
proceedings, shall stand adjourned.
That a copy of these resolutions be transmitted to the family of the late
Senator A. J. McLaurin, and
That the Clerk be ordered to communicate these resolutions to the Senate.
The SpE.^ker pro tempore. The question is on agreeing to
The resolutions were unanimously agreed to.
Address of Mr. Collier of Mississippi 39
Address of Mr. Collier of Mississippi
Mr. Speaker: AnsELM Joseph McLaurin, son of Lauchlin
and Ellen TuUus McLaurin, was born at Brandon, Miss. At the
age of 16 he entered the confederate army. After the great
struggle between the States was over, he spent two years at
the Summer^dlle Institute. In 1868 he began the practice of
law. Three years afterwards he was elected district attorney.
He rapidly attained eminence as a lawyer, especially in the
criminal branch of the profession. In 1879 Senator McLaurix
was elected to the state legislature. He was presidential
elector at large in 1888 and delegate to the constitutional con-
vention in 1890. In 1S94 he was elected to the United States
Senate to fill the unexpired term of Senator Walthall. In 1895
he serv'ed the people of Mississippi as chief executive. He was
again elected to the United States Senate in January, 1900, for
the term beginning March 4, 1901, and was reelected for the
term beginning March 4, 1907.
He had been a useful member of various legislative and ad-
ministrative bodies of his native State before he entered the
Senate of the United States. Ripe in experience when he came
into that body, he entered upon his official duties with earnest
zeal and efficiency, and with an eye single to the public welfare.
The best interests of the State and country were ever his aim,
and when he died he left behind him, as a memorial of his toil,
"an honored name, the memory of earnest deeds well done."
Nature was kind to Senator McLaurin. She bequeathed to
him rare qualities of heart and mind.
40 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
Few men possessed a greater power for making men love him.
He was probably known personally to more people than any
other man who ever lived in Mississippi. One of the reasons
for his great and unfailing political success was due to the
immense individual following he had — the great number of
personal friends among the rich and poor alike, who were ever
ready to rise at midnight, if needed, to help "AnsE," as he was
familiarly and affectionately called.
His capacity for work was apparently unlimited. He was
tireless in his services to the people. The request of the hum-
blest constituent received as prompt and faithful a response as
that of the highest in the land. He was essentially a com-
moner. He was a self-made man. In his youth he toiled in the
fields. He knew what it meant to earn his daily bread in the
sweat of his brow. From his large and varied experience in
life he knew and sympathized with the wants of his fellow-man.
He was never so happy as when doing some one a ser%nce.
Since I have been in Washington I have heard two stories
about Senator McLaurin. One cold winter's night he was on
a street car, going to his hotel. Rain mi.xed with sleet was
dashing against the car windows. He noticed that the motor-
man stood on a wet platform and that he had no overshoes.
The Senator did not know who he was or where he was from.
He only knew that out on the platform, partially protected from
the rain and sleet, a human being was standing in the wet and
cold. As the car stopped at his hotel, this United States Sena-
tor took the overshoes from his own feet and lent them to the
man driving the car.
The other story was related to me last summer. One even-
ing, after the Senate had adjourned, Senator McLaurin and
some of his friends were coming down the street. They were
stopped by an old woman who, in a voice trembling with age,
Address of Mr. Collier of Mississippi 41
inquired the way to a certain place. The party directed her as
best they could; but the old woman seemed so uncertain and so
troubled that Senator McLaurin, realizing that she was unable
to follow the directions, excused himself from his friends and
retraced his steps for several squares, until he was close enough
to point out the building the old woman was seeking, and then
hurried away to escape her voluble thanks.
These incidents were related to me long before the Senator's
death. I mention them now as illustrations showing the kind
and generous heart of the late Senator from Mississippi. The
Book of Books tells us that "by their works ye shall know
them;" and by deeds of thoughtfulness and generosity was
Senator McLaurin best known.
It was my melancholy privilege to be present at the funeral
of this great Mississippian. I had just reached home the day
before, to spend the holidays in Vicksburg, and heard the news
of his death while on the train. It was on Christmas eve.
Every store in the little town of Brandon was closed, and
people from all over the State gathered in groups and in low,
hushed tones spoke reverently and affectionately of the deceased
By a strange coincidence a brother of vSenator McLaurin,
apparently strong and well only a few weeks before, was also
stricken down suddenly and without warning. I heard the
good man who preached the funeral sermon of Senator Mc-
Laurin say that in the period of twenty-odd months, in the
same church, this was the fourth funeral sermon he had
preached in the jNIcLaurin family, three of the Senator's broth-
ers preceding him to the grave.
We have assembled here to-day to do honor to his memory.
On occasions of this kind we are confronted by the darkest of
all mvsteries, the most stupendous of all inquiries, the old, old
42 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
question of the immortality of the soul. "Whether at the end
of life's journey we shall find a door or a wall faith alone
vouchsafes a reply."
All the intellectual forces of mankind from the Chaldean
sages down ha\-e endeavored to solve this dread problem, but
to-day we are no nearer its solution than when Adam and Eve
were driven from the paradise of Eden. "The lips of the young
inquiring 'whence' and the old asking 'whither,' are alike un-
answered." All we can know is that we are born, we live, and
we must surely die. The grim reaper watches at our side from
dawn until dark and comes in a thousand ways. It reaches
forth its clammy hand and stills the lisping lips of childhood.
Its bitter stroke descends unwelcomed and unannounced upon
vigorous manhood. It halts the faltering steps of old age and
''kings and princes obey its summons with the promptitude of
the beggar and the serf."
Sophists may tell us that the "stars go down to shine on
other skies," but we know that they will "set their gold within
our skies again." The grim frosts of winter may kill the bloom
and beauty of summer, but in the early morning of the new
year w^ know that the spring will wake again and fill all the
land with radiance and all the air with song.
Something in our hearts tells us —
There is a calm for those who weep,
A rest for wearj' pilgrims found;
And while the moldering ashes sleep
I.^\v in the ground ,
The soul of origin divine,
God's glorious image freed from clay,
In heaven's eternal sphere shall shine
A star of day.
Upon the sheet anchor of immortality we base all our hopes.
"It is the rainbow of promise shining through the tears of
grief." This divine hope of a' heavenly reimion comforts our
Address of Mr. Collier of Mississippi 43
souls in the hour of desolation and robs death of its sting and
the grave of its victory.
The end must come to us all. Say what we may, act as we
will, death is terrible. It is terrible when it comes accompanied
bv the cannon's opening roar; when the clashing of the sabers
is echoed and reechoed by the sharp rattle of musketry until
men changed to demons trample each other in their lust for
It is terrible to die by the assassin's hand, when, unheralded
and unprepared, some innocent one is hurled into the awful
presence of his Maker. Come to the one who is surrounded by
loving friends, a happy home, a faithful wife and little ones to
"cluster around his knees and encircle themselves about his
heart," and it is terrible. Yet go where we may, do what we
will, it is the stern, inexorable decree of fate. It is my portion,
it is your portion; and as we stand at the lonely grave of some
one dear to us we ask —
WTiy should the tear drops bum our eyelids standing at his tomb?
Why should we hide our faces there where the ferns and the flowers bloom?
It is only a little, little while till the last of us all shall go
Out over the rim of that radiant sky and know what our dear dead know.
Death, thou art terrible, but as "we have borne the image of
the earthly we shall also bear the image of the heavenly; so
when this mortal shall have put on immortality then shall be
brought to pass the saying which is written, 'Death is swal-
lowed up in victory.'"
Senator McLaurix has gone fro;n our midst, but he is not for-
gotten. And though the voice of a friend is hushed and a
familiar face is missing, yet —
Why do the shadows oftenest come
Where the other shadows are?
Why do the hordes of anguish follow
Hard on the heels of care?
44 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
Why did Christ come sorrowing
And not to a glad refrain ?
Why was the world's redemption scheme
Bom in sorrow and pain ?
Why is the heart of motherhood
By the hand of an infant torn?
Why must a nation travail
That some great truth be bom?
Why is subtlest perfume found
In flowers that grow in shade ?
And why from dwellers in vales of tears
Are shapers of destiny made ?
Do you think the life of Christ
Would have had that power to thrill
If there had been no Gethsemane,
No Calvary's shadowy hill?
Or do you think that your own life
Would have been pure as it is to-day
If the disappointments that came to it
Passed by some other way ?
Address of Mr. Sherwood of Ohio 45
Address of Mr. Sherwood of Orao
Mr. Speaker, Senator AnsELM Joseph McLaurin was one of
that rare type of statesmen who never strayed from the straight
path of duty, and who was never away from the people whom
he loved and served so faithfully.
I knew Senator McLaurin well, and in a winter's home with
him on Capitol Hill I learned to appreciate his sterling worth
and to warm to him as a friend. I knew of his boyhood life
and of his early manhood struggles to win ' recognition and
honor in the battle of life, and recognized in him the social,
moral, and mental qualities which made him the idol of the
people of his State. Recognizing his high executive ability and
fidelity to every previous trust, the people of Mississippi made
him governor and then United States Senator. His life, his
career, his example, his achievements in the domain of law and
civics are valuable mentors to hold up to the young men of
to-day who are struggling against adverse environment. For
Senator McLaurin was born poor — poor in lucre; poor, as Mil-
ton says, in "the tool of fools," but rich in soul and brain and
hope and courage and that never-say-die spirit of his Scotch
ancestry. He was born on a farm, breathed the untainted air of
the woods and fields, and worked on a farm to the neglect of an
early education. But he gathered in that wholesome work the
physical strength and stamina so indispensable to a successful
struggle with the clash of master minds in the wide domain of
Young McLaurin first read books at night by the light of a
pine-knot fire. Not an alluring light for a well-to-do modern
collegiate; but knowledge hard to get is always absorbed with
more avidity and is sure to make a more lasting impression on
46 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
the plastic mind. Later young McLaurin studied law, and
without a preceptor, after he had acquired by his own effort
the rudiments of a plain English education. With this meager
equipment he started on his remarkable career. Successively
he was district attorney, presidential elector, member of the
constitutional convention of Mississippi, governor of the State,
and three times elected United States vSenator.
His political career is rarely exceptional. I am told he was
never defeated, cither in a nomination to which he aspired or
an election. His whole career was marked by a courageous
honesty of both purpose and action, and he never weakened in
a cause he believed to be just and he never betrayed a friend.
All in all, he ranks as the peer of any Senator Mississippi has
honored in the past; a State that has always held a high place
in that great forum of the vStates.
We should not let this occasion pass without gathering some
lesson of value to the living, especially to the young men of
to-day, who, like our departed friend in his boyhood are strug-
gling against what seems adverse fate. The brightest gleam of
hope for the poor young man of to-day is in the knowledge that
the greatest men who have ever served or shone in the high
places of power in this Republic have been, like Senator Mc-
Laurin, of humble birth, limited opportunities in boyhood, and
poor. And of this class the South has furnished the most
remarkable examples. Let me name a few in the order of merit
and commanding influence.
Gen. Andrew Jackson, of Tennessee, twice President of the
United States, the commanding general of the most remarkable
victory of the war of 1812. Jackson represents the most
remarkable uplift, considering his poor beginnings, in the history
of the Republic. He was the son of a North Carolina farm
laborer, without early education, without friends of influence,
with nothing but himself. He achieved the topmost pinnacle
Address of Mr. Sherwood of Ohio . 47
of power and fame — President of the United States and the
military hero of his time.
Henrv Clav, born poor, self-educated, self-made, the foremost
orator of his time, the idol of his party; Speaker of the House
of Representatives, Senator, Cabinet member, three times
candidate for President.
Thomas H. Benton, born poor, in North Carolina, self-
educated ; thirty years in the United States Senate. Benton was
the superior of Clay in the arena of debate in the Senate and
a more thorough student of government, and he left his impress
more distinctly upon his country in his great historical work,
Thirty Years in the Senate.
And still another great son of the South, born poor, and self-
educated and self-made — John C. Calhoun; conceded to be the
most profound logician who ever sat in the Senate.
These are names to conjure with, because they stand for
something this country needs to-day more than anything else —
more recognition of manhood and less recognition of the man of
only money merit. Xot to talk history, but to illuminate some
inspiring chapters of our political history, do I mention these
great men of the South, who, like our departed friend, won
power and fame, notwithstanding the humbleness of their
And what is the true measure of greatness? Not all in
achievements. Example, fidelity to an ideal, and the value of
that ideal. It was the greatest of Athenian philosophers who
It is not music nor the gymnasium, nor the schools that mold young
men. It is much more — the public example. If you take one whose life
has no high purpose and crowTi him in the theater, every boy who sees it is
Two thousand years have not changed the value of this
philosophy. Lord Byron wrote the greatest dramatic poem of
48 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
the nineteenth century — Waterloo. He was a great poet, but
not a great man. His life had no high purpose. His example
was harmful to good morals. Leopold of Belgium was one of
the greatest monarchs of modern Europe, but in his social life
he was a moral degenerate. Both his life and influence were
degenerate. Hence, no enlightened estimate can place him on a
pedestal with great men. Walt Whitman was a great man —
great as a poet, great as a man — because he gave us a new
baptism of democracy. Count Tolstoi is not only the greatest
sociologist of either the nineteenth or twentieth centuries, but
the greatest evangel of Christian brotherhood.
Senator McLaurin has left to his family, his kindred, and
his State a record of achievements that should fill their hearts
with pride and mellow the acute sorrow over his untimelv
death. And there is a deeper consolation, told with so much
pathos by Longfellow :
There is no death; what seems so is transition;
This life of mortal breath
Is but a suburb of the life elysian,
Whose portal we call death.
On this sacred Sabbath day in this historic Chamber let us
consecrate ourselves to that fervent patriotism, that high
purpose to serve the people we are honored to represent, with
the courage and fidelity which characterized our departed friend,
a statesman whose friendship added to our joys of living and
whose character and example gave us hope for the best ideals in
Reflect that life, like any other blessing,
Derives its value from its use alone,
Not for itself, but for a noble end.
Address oj Mr. Spight of Mississippi 4.9
Address of Mr. Spight of Mississippi
Mr. Speaker, Shakespeare said:
The evil men do lives after them,
The good is oft interred with their bones.
In this respect he was a pessimist, and I am glad that I have
always been able to take a better view of life and its accom-
plishments. In taking a retrospective outline of the achieve-
ments of a man who, having left his impress upon the current
history of his day, has passed from the stage of action, I forget
his foibles, failures, and mistakes, and remember only the good
he has done. I rather agree with Joaquin Miller, "the poet of
the Sierras," that —
In men whom men condemn as ill
I find so much of goodness still ;
In men whom men pronounce divine
I find so much is sin and blot —
I hesitate to draw the line
Between the two when God has not.
Funeral orations, like epitaphs on gravestones, are often mis-
leading; and, while soothing to the bruised hearts of loved
ones, may do infinite harm to others who know facts and weigh
them in the scales of dispassionate judgment. It is, therefore,
sometimes difficult for the conservative mind to draw the line
between fulsome eulogy and truthful delineation of character.
Nil nisi bonum de mortuis — speak nothing but good of the
dead — is one thing; to indulge in extravagant and unsupported
encomiums is quite another. The former appeals to the heart
and the generous sensibilities; the latter commends itself only
to the sycophant and the hypocrite.
67675°— S. Doc. 577. 61-2 4
50 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
The life of Senator McLaurin was not free from fault, nor
have I ever known a man to whom the same criticism would
not apply. That I did not always agree with him does not
prove that he was wrong. He had his view point and I had
mine. We both may have beeri right as we were given the
light to see.
That his life was a remarkable and useful one no man who
knows his history and that of his State will deny. From ob-
scure surroundings and almost pinching poverty he rose to the
two highest offices in the power of the vState to give — governor
and United States vSenator. In this he furnishes an inspiratiom
to every American boy, no matter how discouraging early
conditions may be.
When a lad of i6 years of age, he enlisted in the Confederate
army and sen.'ed until the close of the war without a stain
upon his soldierly character. After his return home, through
hard struggles, self-denial, and unquenchable ambition, he was
admitted to the bar as a lawyer. He served as district
attorney, representative in the legislature, delegate to the con-
vention which adopted the present constitution of Mississippi,
governor of the State, and one year in the United States Senate
to succeed Senator Walthall, when he retired temporarily on
account of bad health. On March 4, 1901, by election of the
state legislature, he commenced another period of ser\'ice in
the United States Senate, which continued unbroken until the
sununons came, December 22, 1909, "Come up higher."
Senator McLaurin was a man of simple life and lived close
to the heart of the great masses of the people from whose
ranks he sprang. While he was dignified in his bearing, he
was easily approached by the humblest citizen. He was big-
hearted, genial, and generous, and it is not strange that people
loved him. He was forgiving toward his enemies and loyal
to his friends. He loved his native State with a devotion that
was almost idolatrous and was ever readv to defend her from
Address of Mr. Spight of Mississippi 51
misconception and calumny. He was proud of her history on
the field and in the forum, in peace or in war.
In this connection I trust I may be indulged while I state an
unprecedented historical fact of which Senator McLaurin and
all Mississippians were and are justly proud. During the latter
part of his service in the United vStates Senate there were seven
native sons of Mississippi in that august body. From the State
were himself and Senator ^loney; from the Lone Star State
was the brilliant Bailey; from Arkansas was Clarke; from
Nevada, the home of the "Silver King," was Newlands; from
the "Golden West" was Chamberlain, of Oregon; and from
the infant vState of Oklahoma was the "Blind Orator," Gore.
This is a record which was never equaled by any State in the
Union. In addition to this, there was also the then and present
Secretary of War, Hon. J. M. Dickinson, who is a native of
Mississippi. In the midst of all these giant intellects McLaurin
He was a great lawyer, a true patriot, an able statesman,
and, greater than all, an humble follower of the "Lowly Naza-
He will be missed in the counsels of his State and of the
Nation, but more than all by the "loved ones at home," whom
he so fondly and tenderly cared for, and whose hearts are
bleeding because the "welcome step" is heard no more. To my
mind the truest test of a man's character is not so much what
the world says about him, but the degree of love he inspires in
his own household. Home was McLaurin's kingdom, and there
he will ever be enshrined.
While we, his friends and coworkers in the National Legisla-
ture, pause on this sacred day to drop a tear upon his grave,
we say to the stricken widow, children, and grandchildren that
he has left you the priceless heritage of a good name:
"He has fought a good fight; he has kept the faith; he has finished his
52 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
Address of Mr. Gardner of MicfflGAN
Mr. Speaker, there is nothing so democratic as the manner of
man's birth and death. In the advent to and departure from
this world there is no respect of persons. Anxiety and pain
precede the one, and pain and anxiety attend the other. The
assumption of copartnership between the material and imma-
terial which we call life and the dissolution of that copartner-
ship which, for lack of a better term, we call death is one of the
In the chemistry of every human being there is combined in
the infant in indefinable proportions the properties of a long
ancestral line. In the embryo there are the possibilities of anew
and distinct entity or individuality differing from any that has
preceded or that may follow. That entity or individuality we
call the man. As such he is not only held accountable for what
he does, but credited or discredited for what he is or may become.
Hence it is that men are judged by the deeds they do, by the
personality they manifest, and by the character they develop.
Nor are these standardsof judgment necessarily partial or unjust.
After having eliminated all of what may be termed the accidents
of life it still remains that the elements we hold in common are
so mixed in us that we involuntarily yield recognition to the
qualities, whatever his calling, that give one precedence over his
fellows. It follows, therefore, that a service of this character is,
or may be, much more than a tribute, however worthy or
deserving the object upon which it is bestowed, to a departed
colaborer, for it should emphasize those qualities and services
that make for good in all men; such ser\aces and qualities vary-
ing not so much in character as in degree.
Address of Mr. Gardner of Michigan 53
During the forty-five years from the time the late Senator
McLaurix entered the confederate army as a lad of 16 to his
recent departure from this life he had been successively a
soldier, a student of letters and of law, a district attorney, a
member of the legislature, a presidential elector, a member of
the constitutional convention, four years governor of his native
State, and three times sent to the Senate of the United States,
dying while an incumbent of that high office. How brief the
epitome of a career so exceptional! How suggestive of fidelity
and devotion to duty wherev-er that duty might call!
His service as a soldier was inconspicuous, as would naturally
be expected from one of his immature years. But he did what
he could for a cause, to the promotion of which he tendered the
peril of his life. There is no stain on his soldier record.
From the day he finished his preparatory studies and was
admitted to the bar as a practicing attorney he evidently gained
and held the confidence and esteem of those who knew him best,
and each step forward was a step upward. He so lived and
discharged the duties of each and every position he was called
to fill that promotion followed naturally on sen.dce. In this
respect his is an example to be emulated by all men, whether
in public or private life. Through the warp and woof of his hfe
fabric, woven in the loom of every-day experiences, from the
bridal altar to the deathbed, there run the golden threads of
marital fidelity and devotion. At 61 he was the lover of the
wife of his choice and the mother of his children as he was at 22.
This phase of his life and character I witnessed for many months
with ever-increasing admiration^so manly and yet so gentle
and tender was he toward her who bore him sons and daughters
who became manly and womanly characters in a home of
happiness and content, disproving at every point the matri-
monial heresy all too common and illustrating by a concrete
example that marriage is not a failure.
54 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
There was nothing of the snob in him. Holding the creden-
tials of a sovereign State to membership in what has recently
been termed by an American of international reputation the
greatest legislative body in the world, and not unappreciative
of the dignity of his high office, he was as considerate of the
rights and feelings of his servants as of his peers. Without
ostentation and without self-advertising he sought to the best
of his ability to serve failthfully the humblest as well as the
most conspicuous of his constituents. His high ideals of life, his
gentlemanly ways and nobility of character, endeared him to all
who enjoyed his acquaintance. Neither sectionalism nor par-
tisanship barred the door of his heart nor prescribed the area
from which he drew his friends in life nor the habitations of
those who mourned his death. In his life were exemplified a
faithful husband, a devoted father, an industrious citizen, and
an honest public official. May his memory long survive to
bless those who come after him !
Address of Mr. Candler of Mississippi 55
Address of Mr. Candler of Mississiffi
Mr. Speaker, this is to me a very sad occasion. Death is
always sad and brings sorrow to the heart; but especially
is that true when death takes from us a relative or friend.
Senator McLaurin was my friend, and as such I loved him_
and he loved me. 1 have had many heart to heart talks
with him and each one drew me nearer and closer to him,
because, with his honesty of purpose and genuine frankness,
he impressed you with his sincerity. One of his most beautiful
characteristics was his loyalty and devotion to his family and
friends. It was a common saying of him that he never
deserted a friend, and they therefore implicitly trusted him,
and he trusted them. His was, indeed, an illustrious career.
He was reared on a farm in Smith County, Miss., many
miles from a railroad, and by energy, determination, and the
proper and right use of his abiUty gradually rose from the
humble walks of life to a seat in the United States Senate. He
accomplished this because he was always faithful to every
trust confided to him. As a private citizen, he measured up
to the loftiest standard; as a public official, he met the highest
ideals; as a Christian gentleman, his life was an example for
others. I knew him intimately, and, with all the honors he
enjoyed, and with his many business, professional, and official
cares, he never forgot nor neglected for a moment his home and
loved ones. There never was a more tender or devoted hus-
band, a more loving or indulgent father. His home life was
beautiful, and it was fitting when the final summons came
that he was called from the midst of his devoted family in the
home on earth to the presence of the loved ones gone before,
to the home above. There is consolation and comfort to us all
56 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
in the fact that as a citizen, official, and Christian gentleman
he was faithful. I could not say more.
If when I am called hence that one word "faithful" can be
truthfully put as an epitaph on a simple marble shaft erected
to my memory, I shall be content and happy indeed. Doctor
Bolding, an eminent ]iIethodist divine, thus wrote of him soon
after his death, in the Memphis Commercial Appeal, published
at Memphis, Tenn. :
In the midst of the preparation for the merrj- Christmas Mississippi
was plunged into gloom at the death of Senator McLaurin. "Anse"
McLaurin was possibly not the ver\' great man that Lamar or George
was, but he was a manly, geniaL generous man, of considerably more
than ordinary capacity and, while not brilliant, was a steady light unto
his people. I knew him verj- well, and knew him as an astute politician
without low tricks, the genial gentleman who was as polite to the homy-
handed sons of toil as to the wealthy and influential. I saw him once
leave a group of cultivated gentlemen to go out into the street to greet an
old farmer who was coming into town with his truck, drawn in a rickety
old wagon by oxen, and it made a picture I shall never forget and an
impression which abides with me till this day. It may have been policy,
but it was so naturally and genially done that it was a kindly policy of a
kindly hearted man, too open to signify anything of the covered way or
deceptive intent. Mississippi has a right to be proud of her great men of
the past, men like Prentiss, Davis, Lamar, and George, in secular public
life, and the peerless Galloway, perhaps her most gifted son, in the puljut;
but she will boast of no more genial gentleman and loving son than Anse
McLaurin, whose dust will enrich her histoPi' as the dust of tlie true and
loyal ever does.
Peace to the ashes of this faithful public servant and genial gentleman,
and comfort unto the sorrowing ones in the Brandon home. Christmas
comes and goes, and so do we, to be followed by the bright-eyed and happy-
hearted children of each succeeding generation, dreaming beautiful dreams
and filling their world with mirthful laughter while the great world outside,
with its bitter experiences,- moves on, burdened and groaning under its
load. It is all well enough, for it is but a step from youth to age, from
smiles to tears, and from joy to sorrow, until they secure the mingled
threads of one common pattern from the loom of life.
Address of Mr. Candler of Mississippi 57
Why the Father above called the Senator to his final home
in the zenith of his influence for good and with the assurance
of many years of great usefulness we do not know. We can
not understand such dispensations of Ilis providence. We shall
not know here, but we may know hereafter. We can console
ourselves with the truth that —
All things work together ior good to them that love God, to them who
are the called, according to His purpose.
The vSenator loved the Lord and trusted implicitly the Lord
Jesus. And of him, therefore, it can be said:
Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth. Vea,
saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labors; and their works do
He rests from his labors well, etficiently, and faithfully per-
formed for good, and the benedictions of his works still remain
and follow hitn.
Of him it can truly further be said:
His life was gentle, and the elements so mixed in him that Nature might
stand up and say to all the world, "This was a man."
Love and svmpathy we give to his devoted wife and affec-
tionate children, and with peace to his ashes and rest to his
soul we say farewell, but not forever, for his life was rich in
deeds of good, his faith in a crucified and risen Lord unwaver-
ing, and he did not live in vain, but waits for us on yonder
shore. He is not dead, for among those who love and trust
the risen Saviour —
There are no dead; we fall asleep
To waken where they never weep;
We close our eyes on pain and sin,
Our breath ebbs out, but life flows in.
58 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
Address of Mr. Bowers of Mississippi
Mr. Speaker, during the late Christmas holidays the Con-
gress, the State of Mississippi, and the entire Nation were
shocked to learn of the sudden and unexpected death of Hon.
AnsELM Joseph McLaurin, a Senator from the State of Mis-
sissippi. While he had been ill for some time, it was supposed
that he had recovered, and his death was entirely sudden and
When and in whatever guise it comes, death is gloomy and
terrible, but when it comes to one in the prime of his life and
the fullness of his usefulness it is inexpressibly sad, indeed.
Senator McLaurin had filled a large part in the history of
Mississippi. He was born in Rankin County, in that State, on
the 26th day of March, 1848. He was reared on a farm, and
imbibed the broadness, freedom, and breadth that comes from
such environments. At the age of 16 he entered the confederate
army and served until the close of that conflict.
After the war was over he attended Somerville Institute,
studied law at home at night, and was licensed to practice in
1868. In 1871 he was elected district attorney of his district,
and ser\'ed until about 1879, when he was elected from Rankin
County to the House of Representatives. In 1888 he was an
elector at large bn the Democratic ticket, and in 1890 he was
elected a member of the constitutional convention of Missis-
sippi, that memorable body that first blazed the way and
showed the plan bv which the ignorant and vicious negro could
be legally, and in accordance with the amendments to the Fed-
eral Constitution, deprived of the ballot — a plan which, with
few exceptions, has been followed by nearly ever\- Southern
State, and which has brought not only political i)Ut industrial
Address of Mr. Bowers of Mississippi 59
peace to every State that has adopted it, and that more than
any other one thing has contributed to the great reputation of
the late lamented Senator James Z. George, its author and chief
In 1S94 the late Senator Walthall, on account of ill health,
resigned his then term in the Senate and Senator McLaurin
was chosen to fill the vacancy. While the time was short and
the opportunities few Senator McLaurin at once took excellent
rank in that great body.
He left the Senate to assume the governor's chair in 1896,
where he served a full term of four years. During this time he
added to the laurels he had already gained, and built up a popu-
larity the equal of which has seldom, if ever, been seen in Mis-
sissippi. He was essentially a man of the people. He loved
them and they loved him, and few, if any, men in that State
have ever had the same hold on popular affection that he did.
He had that rare tact that made friends and held them, and to
sav that he was universally beloved, is to state it mildly.' Nor
was the affection in which he was held confined entirely to his
own State. It so happened that I was the only Representative
from Mississippi present at the national capital at the time of
his death, and it fell upon me to ascertain whether his family
desired a congressional funeral, and if so, to arrange for it. I
shall never forget my passage through the Capitol building the
morning after his untimely end. Not an employee, not one
present in the Capitol at that time, but stopped me to indulge
in some expression of sorrow at vSenator McLaurin's death.
My journey through the building was beset on every hand by
sincere and honest expressions of sorrow and tributes of regard ;
but I am ahead of my story of his life and services.
In 1900, at the expiration of his term of governor, he was
elected to a full term in the United vStates Senate, and was re-
elected in 1906 for a second full term of six years, beginning
6o Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurm
March 4, 1907. He served on a number of important commit-
tees, among them Public Lands, Commerce, Interstate Com-
merce, Claims, and others, and was of immense ser\4ce to his
State. One of his chief services was to secure for it large bodies
of school or university lands, to which it was entitled, but which
had not before been patented. He believed in and loved his
State, and served it as best he knew. He loved his friends.
Nothing was too good for them, and he demanded for them
without stint or hesitation what he believed was their due.
Few men, if any, that I ever knew had the same capacity to
make friends and hold them. As a legislator he was careful,
prudent, and patriotic. As a speaker he was full of informa-
tion, well rounded, and replete with anecdote and illustration.
On the hustings he had few equals; in the political forum he
was forceful and persuasive; at the bar he was eloquent, tact-
ful, and effective. As a lawyer he was specially successful and
effective. I can almost see him now with all of his splendid
powers bent to their uttermost in the legitimate defense of his
I have been with him and against him in litigation, and can
bear testimony that as an adversary he was formidable, and
as an ally he was a force and support almost beyond computa-
tion. Not a moment but that he was at work; not a moment
but that some energy, some thought, was being bent and exer-
cised in favor of his client. He was truthful, honorable, and
brave. He feared nothing and faced every wind that blew.
As a husband, father, and neighbor, he was beyond reproach,
and the concourse of the people that gathered in the little town
of Brandon on the occasion of his simple and unostentatious
funeral testify the esteem and love in which his friends and
neighbors held him, while those who came from afar showed
how they who lived in other parts of the State thought of him.
Address of Mr. Bowers of Mississippi 6i
He is gone — he sleeps in the silent churchyard of the little
town he loved so well — the peaceful sleep that knows no waking
till the resurrection morn. Peace to his ashes. His friends
have lost a faithful friend; his family a loving husband and
father; his State a devoted son; and the Senate an active, able,
and faithful Member.
62 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
Address of Mr. Burnett of Alabama
Mr. Speaker, when God called Senator A. J. McLaurin to
Him, earth was poorer and heaven was richer by his death.
I knew him well, and always felt honored by the fact that I
could call him my friend. I met him soon after he came to
the Senate, lived at the same hotels with him in Washington,
served on the Immigration Commission with him, and as the
years came and went our friendship grew stronger.
Within his breast beat a heart as true as heaven, as gentle as
a woman's, yet as brave as a lion's.
He was born in 1S48, and was a boy when the first gun was
fired at Sumter, but before the flag was furled at Appomattox
he became one of the tattered privates who followed the stars
and bars until the "storm-cradled nation" went down in
defeat, but not in dishonor. I, myself, was a southern boy in
those dark days. Only six years the junior of Senator
McLaurin, I well remember the awful scenes through which we
passed. He and I saw many brave sons of the South go forth
in the spring of 1861 happy, buoyant, hopeful, eager for battle.
They were proudly clad in the gray uniform of homemade
jeans, woven by the deft fingers of southern mothers and wives
He in Mississippi, I in Alabama, listened day by day to the
whir of the old spinning wheel as the thread was drawn out by
southern maidens. He and I listened day by day to the thump,
thump of the old wooden loom by which our mothers converted
that thread into the gray uniform of the southern soldier boy.
He in Mississippi, I in Alabama, often peeled the black walnut
and the red oak barb from the trees with which to dve the
Address of Mr. Burnett of Alabama 63
thread from which were made those uniforms of the brave,
We both heard the piper boy and the drummer boy at the
head of the cohimns, leading men to battle, and our young
hearts throbbed with patriotic desire to follow the boys in gray.
I was too young and could not keep step to strains of Dixie, but
young McLaurin left the plow at 16 to follow a cause that he
believed to be just and a flag that he believed to be true.
When the sword of Lee was sheathed forever, and our "peo-
ple's hopes were dead," young McLaurin, with thousands of
other southerners, young and old, returned to desolated homes
and weeping mothers — "Rachel weeping for her children, and
would not be comforted because they were not." If the south-
ern soldier was as brave as Achilles in time of war, he was
strong as Hercules in time of peace. Upon every side he looked
upon scenes of suffering, poverty, and sorrow, nothing left but
an invincible heart and an unflagging trust in the eternal God.
The carpetbagger and the former slave sat in the seats of
power and in the halls of our legislature. The war from 1861
to 1865 was fierce and terrible, but fiercer still was the battle
with greed and ignorance and crime from 1865 to 1874. 1" the
midst of these days young jMcLaurin developed the character
and characteristics which made him a leader of men. I have
talked with him often about these horrible days — days that will
ever mark a dark spot in the history of our RepubHc; days
when the satrap tried to crush the proud spirit of brave men to
make them bow beneath the conqueror's yoke; days when
skulkers and camp followers became rulers over those who were
bleeding and prostrate at their feet. It was in times like these
that, young McLaurin converted the sword into the plowshare
and took up the- fight against the "wolf at the door."
These were times that grew strong men. The country school
in the South in those days was the three months' term between
64 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
"laying by" and "fodder pulling," and yet amid such environ-
ments this young Mississippian acquired a rudimentary educa-
tion and laid the foundation for a great governor and a splendid
In his home life vSenator McLaurin was happy, tender, and
devoted. True as steel to principle, he was always ready to
lift his hand for the oppressed and to strike down the oppressor.
From a State that produced Davis and Lamar and George, he
was, in many respects, the peer of either of them. No poor
client ever felt that he did not get the best that was in Senator
McLaurin, regardless of the fee. No poor constituent ever had
occasion to think that the noble Senator would forget the
humble or the weak.
In the forum it is said that he was well-nigh invincible. On
the hustings he swept those who heard him with the force of
his argument and with his mastery of logic.
In his death ^lississijlpi has lost a star of the first magnitude.
The warm southern sunshine and the gentle southern showers
cause the grass to grow above his ashes, yet his loved ones may
well look up from that little mound to the home of the God he
worshiped, where we know he rests.
A devout Christian, I have often met him on God's holy day
at the church in Washington which he loved, and I felt that
there was "an Israelite, indeed, in whom there is no guile."
In our thoughts and our hopes we may follow him, though he
be dead, and through faith's unflagging vision see that where-
ever God is, wherever heaven is, there our friend is, too.
Let us emulate his noble, Christian life, and pray that where
he is we at last may go.
Address of Mr. Calderhead of Kansas 65
Address of Mr. Calderhead of Kaksas
Mr. Speaker, the announcement of the death of vSenator
McLaurin came to me as with the shock of personal bereave-
ment. For the last three years we had had a home at the
same hotel, and I enjoyed daily intercourse with him. Yes-
terday we paid our tributes of aflfectionate memorials to
another member of that family hotel, Mr. De Armond, of
Missouri. Since the death of Senator McLaurin we have lost
another. Hon. James M. Griggs, from the State of Georgia,
was also a member of our little social company there. ;\Iy
colleague from Michigan [Mr. Gardner] has spoken tenderly
about it. During tiie time we have lived together a warm per-
sonal friendship grew up amongst us. I was particularly at-
tached to Senator McLaurin. I met his family when his chil-
dren were at the hotel, and I found they were the same kind of
children that mine were. When my daughters were visiting
me at the hotel for three or four months he treated them as if
they had been members of his own famil}-. I knew by the
manner in which his family and he met daily with us, that
they were an American family from an American home, with
the same habits of thought, the same practices of family life,
the same standards of living. And I knew by closer inter-
course with him that we had the same standards of faith. We
believed in a definite moral authority, and the divine cause of
all existing things.
We believe in the divine purpose of the life of man and of
nations. We looked into the open grave with the same hope
of the everlasting life beyond. There was a sincerity and a
simplicity of expression in Senator McLai'rin's conversation
about these things which carried with it the conviction that he
67675°— S. Doc. 577, 61-2 5
66 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
knew them, as we know them, by faith. All the arts and
sciences, all the knowledge of material things that we have, do
not carry to us the knowledge which the faith in the great
Creator and the great Savior carries.
I do not know how Cicero arrived at his belief in the first
great cause, and I am not sure that I can state it accurately,
as he stated it. I think he said that a principle is a first thing,
for if it be not a first thing, then it has been caused by some
other thing, and is a secondary thing. A principle, then, being
a first thing, and never having been caused by anything external
to it, must have existed always, and it must always continue to
exist, for if any other thing be able to put an end to it, then it
is not a principle but a secondary thing. Being then a principle,
without beginning and without end and indestructible, it must
of itself have other attributes, and first among the attributes
which we must conceive as belonging to it, must be justice and
power, and with these must go truth and wisdom and goodness.
How nearly he came to our Calvanistic answer to the question,
What is God? "The Deity, infinite, eternal, and unchangeable,
in His being, wisdom, power, holiness, justice, goodness, and
truth." This knowledge of this high Deity above us, this faith
in His everlasting truth, everlasting justice, goodness, and
mercy brings to the heart of every man who knows it the
conviction that there is a life beyond, glorious in its fulfillment,
and full of llu' rich endowuK-nt of hope for the life tliat we live
here. Something of the Scotch ancestry may have given him
this inheritance. Something of that must have given him the
impulse of life which made him a soldier at i6, and a lawver
admitted to the bar at 20; married at 22, and from that ste[) on,
every two or three years an ailvaneement in the affairs of his-
own State until he came to be her representative in the great
United States Senate, and from that place was chosen to be her
governor, and, after four years, again her Senator.
Address oj Mr. Caldcrhcad of Kansas 67
Some of us have spoken here to-day of the humble begin-
nings of his life as if he had toiled upward to this place of
power and fame with an ambition for honor, and yet we who
knew him know that he was never seeking honor; that from
that humble farm in Mississippi he had never intended to be
governor or Senator, but that he himself was seeking his daily
duty and doing it with energy and intelligence.
I like the words of Van Dyke, who said:
The blue flower of honor is so delicate that he who seeks it shall never
find it, and he who finds it needs no name.
He who seeks honor for himself shall never find it, and he
who finds it finds it in the highest endeavor of a noble man-
hood and a noble life.
It was in this way that honor must have come to Senator
McLaurix. His family, his wife, and the 10 children of that
family, 7 of whom are still living, I believe, bear witness to
a character of man that no words of ours may add to, and noth-
ing, indeed, that we say here can add to his honor. What we
say here may be some consolation to those who come after,
to those who have been bereaved by his death; what we say
here may be of some use to ourselves, for it recognizes our obli-
gation to keep up the same standard of honor that he kept.
It renews our obligation to set before the children who come
after us the example that he gave. It renews our faith in each
other. It renews that comradeship in the service of a great
country and a great people, which belongs to us and becomes a
part of us as we serve here.
When I began I intended to say a word or two about his
life as a soldier. The brief record in the Directory says that
he entered the army at 16. He was four years \'ounger than
myself, and I entered the army before I was 17.
The record says that he served as a private, and I ser\'ed
as a private. Now, at this distance of time I know that younger
68 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
men are unable to realize how two boys at that age, having the
same standards of life and the same ideals, should be risking
life upon opposite sides of a civil war. Yet I know by my inter-
course with him that his was not a thoughtless service. I know
that on my part I felt it my highest duty to preserve the in-
tegrity of the Union; not only the integrity of the Government
and of the laws, but the integrity of all our territory. To me
every revolutionary battlefield of the South was a part of my
inheritance. To me the great river that flowed through it was
a part of my inheritance. It was my birthright to be a citizen
of the United States in any State. The traditions of the whole
land and all its glorious history were a part of mine. The
Constitution, the laws, the institutions, the church, the school,
the hearthstone, and the table at which daily grace was said
before every meal were at stake. On the other hand, to him it
appeared that the same things were at stake; that somehow or
other we on our part were invading a territory that was ex-
clusively his; that we on our part were attempting the de-
struction of a right that was inherently his, and he went not
ignorantly to carry a musket, and I went not thoughtlessly to
carry a musket on our side.
The great arbitrament of the battlefield has settled the ques-
tion for him and for me and for mine forever. The victory
was with us, and as it was glorious, being not for conquest, but
for self-preservation, it was impossible for us to use it for re-
venge. Let it be remembered that no such feeling abides, or
ever has, in our hearts. While with us the spirit of liberty in
defense of the Union, the Constitution, and the laws, and all tlie
institutions that had grown up under them, was fierce, as a
mother is fierce in the defense of her children, when it was over
and the victory was won the spirit of libert\- in all our hearts
was as gentle as a mother with her most wayward son. And
from the hour of the gray dawn at Appomattox, w'hen your
Address of Mr. Calderhead of Kansas 69
arms and your flags were laid down, until this time, you can
not help remembering that, like the children of God's ancient
people, when the moment of a supreme test came to them, they
answered, "All we be brethren, the sons of one Father." So it
was to Senator McLaurin and to me and to all the people of
this great land: All we be brethren, the children of one great
70 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
Addmss of Mr. Clark of Missouri
Mr. Speaker, under an arrangement maintained in ante-
bellum days, and not necessary to explain in this happier era,
Mississippi and Illinois came into the Union as twins. Both of
those great Commonwealths have always taken a conspicuous
part in the affairs of the Republic, in the Congress, in the Cabi-
net, and upon the battlefield. From the i ilh day of December,
1817, when her first Senators, Walter Leake and Thomas H.
Williams, and her first Representative, George Poindexter, were
sworn in, the sons of Mississippi have shown a high average of
ability, courage, and character. It would be pleasant and in-
structive to trace briefly the history of Mississippi Senators, but
time will not suffice. There is one surprising thing about Mis-
sissippi Senators, and that is that so man\- of them have resigned.
This is true, particularly with reference to her earlier Senators,
though during the sixteen years that I have been here Senator
Walthal resigned, and Senator Money declined a reelection.
Walter Leake, one of her first two .Senators, ser\-ed from Decem-
ber, 1817 to 1820, when he resigned that he might be elected
governor. David Holmes succeeded Leake in 1820, and resigned
in 1825. Why he resigned I do not know. Powhattan Ellis
resigned the Senatorship in 1832 to become a federal judge.
Robert J. Walker resigned in 1845 to become .Secretary of the
Treasury, and won enduring fame by fathering the Walker tariff
Other Mississippi Senators have resigned, for one reason or
another. The strangest case in all our history of a senatorial
resignation, or, more properly speaking, senatorial resignations,
was when both the Mississippi Senators, Jefferson Davis and Henry
S. Foote, resigned to go home and run against each other for the
Address of Mr. Clark of Missouri 71
governorship. No doubt they resigned from a delicate sense of
honor, each beheving that it was indecorous to be a candidate
for governor while holding the office of Senator. In these later
days no United States Senator would think for one moment of
resigning that position to become governor, the reason for the
change of opinion on that subject being that in the lapse of years
the office of Senator has grown rapidly in importance when com-
pared with all other offices, and while in the elder day the govern-
orship was considered generally as the greater office, in these
later days the governorship is frequently used merely as a step-
ping-stone to the Senate.
At the present time seven natives of Mississippi sit in the
Senate out of a total of 92 Members — a remarkable showing
when population is considered.
Senator McLaurin was evidently a prime favorite in Missis-
sippi. He held many positions of honor and power. From
his admission to the bar in 1868, when only 20 years old, to the
day of his death, he was prominent in the affairs of Mississippi
and of the RepubUc. He was district attorney, representative
in the legislature, presidential elector at large, delegate to the
constitutional convention. United States Senator, governor, and
again United States Senator.
In all these positions he discharged his duties with ability,
courage, industry, and fidelity. He was as popular in Washing-
ton as in Mississippi, and all who knew him here trusted him as
implicitly as did his own constituents. He was a man of highest
character. A soldier of the confederacy in his boyhood, he was
absolutely free from rancor. Without being an orator, he was
a forceful speaker and influential in the Senate. Affable in
manner, pleasing as a conversationalist, true to his convictions,
reliable under all circumstances, wise in counsel, his death, just
after he had passed the psalmist's limit of three score years, was
a loss not only to his family and his State, but to the entire
72 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
country. The one adjective which above all others properly
describes him is "dependable," and after all is said and done
the dependable man is in the long run the most valuable man
in legislation, in politics, in business, and in every other relation
of life. Nobody ever had to go on an exploring expedition to
discover how Senator McLaurin would stand on any particular
question, because his principles were so firm, his habit of thought
so fixed, that, given circumstances surrounding a question, one
who knew the Senator could predict what his action would be.
This was the source of his popularity, his strength, and his
It is eminently proper that we honor such a man as this
typical American public ser\'ant, for, in honoring him, we honor
not only ourselves but that mighty Republic of which we are
all proud to be citizens.
Address of Mr. Byrd of Mississippi 73
Address of Mr. Byrd of Mississifpi
Mr. Speaker: The late Anselm Joseph McLaurin was of
Scottish descent. His ancestors came from the Clan Maclaurin,
a determined and unconquerable race, who wrote history amid
the mountains of Scotland four centuries ago. At that time
they were a belligerent people, resisting every encroachment
upon their rights with the sword, and when vanquished upon
the field they would scatter among their native hills and fight
to the death, with only the cave for a bivouac and the bowlder
for a fortress. While terrible in war, in peace they were gen-
tle, frugal, industrious, and craved a full share of the intel-
lectual light then rapidly dethroning the tyranny and supersti-
tion that shackled the world. So rapidly did they advance in
the science of civilization that in less than a century from the
time they roamed half naked and half wild about the shores of
Loch Lomond there were to be found among them great mathe-
maticians and philosophers, many of whom were the recipients
of royal favors, one John Maclaurin being elevated to the peer-
age as Lord Dreghorn.
The Scotchman has a right to be proud of his blood. It has
contributed much to our splendid civilization, it emblazons the
most interesting pages of history, and weaves the garlands of
romance and love into the brightest pag€S of fiction. The terror
of the Macgregors, the wild flute notes of Rob Roy, the heroism
of Bruce and Wallace, the tragic love of gentle Marion, the
surrender of Burns's poetic soul to Highland Mary, all "bring
recollections to view" of a romantic land and a people born to
The grandfather of our lamented friend, fighting with the
revolutionary patriots at Lexington, is the first knowledge we
74 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
have of the McLauriiis in America; but since that da\-, when the
corner stone of the Nation was laid in blood, they have fought
in every war involving our destiny, and I dare say that but few
American families have contributed more to the Upbuilding of
the church, state, and our splendid civilization.
In many respects. Senator McLaurin was to the manor born
a Scotchman, being as deeply and as unchangeably set in his
convictions of duty and right as was John Knox, but in no
degree did he possess the bigoted intolerance of the latter. He
delighted to recall the legends of song and story that immor-
talized his ancestors. Next to the beauties of the Holy Bible,
the quaint philosophy hidden in the sweet melodies of Burns
was the chief topic of his literary discussion. Doubtless the
poesy of this immortal bard, who played upon every cliord of
the human heart, contributed liberally to his loving generosity
and affection — the full-grown flowers of his manly heart.
Mr. Speaker, I hope I will be pardoned in saying that of all
the public men with whom I have been associated, Senator
McLaurin more than any other approximated my ideal of
superb manhood, when measured by all the standards of worth
and success. In some accomplishments he was far excelled by
others, but combining all of his blended virtues, he had few
equals and no superiors. He possessed an attractive per-
sonality — tall, graceful, handsome, and with a countenance
always radiant with intelligence and candor. With neatness
and becoming modesty he dressed, and moved among his fellows
with ease and dignity; nor did these graces of Apollo desert
him, even after his locks had been frosted by three score years.
While dignified and commanding, he was void of every sem-
blance of vanity or affectation. The most humble citizen could
engage his friendly attention as readily as could the greatest
Senator. In the sunshine of life he was as gentle as a flower,
but in tlie tempest as firm as a rock.
Address of Mr. Byrd of Mississippi 75
But it was at the bar that his intellectuality rose to its
zenith. He was a master in the profession, and, though often
confronted by the ablest lawyers, he was seldom vanquished in
a battle where victory could have been won by any knight of
Blackstone. Always familiar with the law and facts of his
case, and demeaning himself with dignity and courtesy to the
court, he was a most dangerous adversary. As an advocate, he
scarcelx' had an equal.
His oratory was sublime, indeed, being always couched in
pure, simple English, and flowed from his lips like sparkling
waters from the gushing fountain. It was the outpouring of a
soul on fire with earnestness, often rising to the sublimest
heights of forensic effort, and sometimes sweeping away the bet-
ter judgment of the court and jury. Upon the hustings his elo-
quence was irresistible. In defending his deeds as a public
servant he never failed to destroy his critics and to handle his
audience as easily as a shepherd does his flock. To permit him
to stand before the people meant the downfall of his political
adversary. With truth and justice for his subject, his language
seemed to come from his brain through his heart to his lips,
and never failed to touch every responsive chord in the hearts
and minds of his hearers.
Senator McLaurin was more of a patriot than a statesman,
believing in that school of political philosophy which teaches
that justice to the weak is strength to the Nation. He labored
as assiduously to lift the burdens from the poor as did Cobden
and Bright to give bread to the hungry of England. While
other Senators were exploiting their learning on constitutional
questions he was striving to withdraw the hands of the tariff
robber from the pockets of the honest plowman; to protect the
lives of the brave men who, night and day, at the risk of their
lives, direct the locomotive across snow-swept plains and
through mountain gorges; to give health and liberty to the child
76 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
imprisoned within the walls of the dingy factory; and to better
the condition of the unfortunate shop and office girl, struggling
for a living in the sin-cursed city. The ragged newsboy, fighting
the blizzard of early dawn for a penny, the faithful employee
of the Capitol, and even the dusky laborer cleaning the streets
were all the objects of his kindly consideration, and no meas-
ure ever came before the Senate involving their weal that he
did not champion.
Like Jefferson and Jackson, he believed in the individual
rights of the individual man, that the home is the unit of our
civilization, and that he who seeks to pauperize or destroy it
is an enemy both to God and to the Nation. He firmly believed
that if a fair share of the extravagant appropriations of Con-
gress were left in the pockets of the people or applied to the
sustenance and education of that vast herd of children who
are rapidly passing from poverty and ignorance to sin and
crime the Nation would be more bountifully blessed. In his
judgment the annual allowance of more than $200,000,000 to
support the Army and Navy at a time when the whole world
is resting in the arms of Christian peace, and, too, when so
many of our citizens are so hard pressed by poverty, is little
less than criminal extravagance. He detested a large standing
army, lest it might prove to be a menace to our peace, and he
abhorred the dress-parade soldier as one to whom the destiny
of the Nation could not be intrusted in an hour of danger, be-
lieving that the best protection of the Nation is the intelligent,
prosperous, and God-fearing citizen, that a home erected upon a
sunny hillside became a fortress where patriots and warriors
Mr. Speaker, it was not the standing army, but the citizen
soldiery, that won our victories in the past. The plowmen of
the Revolution drove the British regulars into the sea from
Lexington to Yorktown, and the same class, marshaled under
Address of Mr. Byrd of Mississippi 77
the banners of Scott, Taylor, Houston, and Crockett, conquered
an empire, adding more wealth of domain to the Nation than
the legions of Caesar to the Roman Empire. That horrible con-
flict that rent the Nation asunder and which stands unparalleled
in history for the mastery of arms was largely fought by the
home builders of the land.
Senator McLaurin may have been classed as an aristocrat
of the common people. The stalwart yeoman, though rugged
and uncomely, but with a great and honest heart, was one of
his favorite companions. Integrity, honesty, worth, and honor
was the rule by which he measured his fellows. "A man's a
man for a' that" often hung upon his lips. Many acres of his
manly heart were dedicated to the stalwart country people of
Mississippi, with whom he lived, among whom he died, and
who had sustained and supported him in every crisis. Many of
them were his companions in boyhood — gamboled and frolicked
with him in the paradise of a country boy. Side by side they
had marched with him, while yet a boy, to the horrid front of
war, there, if need be, "to dare and die" to save the storm-
tossed confederacy. They never deserted him in any crisis.
It is well remembered that in the closing days of his adminis-
tration as governor of Mississippi, it looked as if his official
rectitude and all of his political aspirations \vould be swept
into obHvion by an avalanche of vituperation, heaped upon him
by the politicians and unrighteous press. His most loyal friends
were alarmed, but, conscious of the rectitude of his conduct, he
announced himself as a candidate for the United States Senate,
called upon his friends to rally to his support, and they came
by the thousands from the hills and the valleys of the State and
gave him victory in one of the most heated political campaigns
in the history of Mississippi. They knew him, they loved him,
and when he sounded the tocsin of battle, they rallied to his
standard. And as a manifestation of his gratitude for their
78 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
loyalty, he fought their battles until death, and then preferred
to be borne to his grave by their simple hands rather than by
the senatorial dignitaries of the Nation.
Mr. Speaker, we are all the creatures of environment, and
doubtless the early surroundings of Senator McLaurix had
much to do with shaping his magnificent character. His
father was a firm, resolute, and God-fearing man, who directed
his promising boy along the paths of honesty and righteous-
ness. Moreover, he was reared in the country, the home nature
intended for every boy. God made the landscape and all the
beauties thereof; man made the cities, with their dens and
slums. Every blade of grass, every flower, every bird that
sings, every brook that ripples, every cataract that roars, and
every storm that sweeps across the plain are sentinels pro-
claiming the loving gentleness and awful grandeur of Jehovah.
The giant oak, the lily of the valley, the warbling songster,
the rushing stream, the expanding dome of heaven bedecked
with the evangels of other worlds, all tended to expand the
young mind of our lamented friend and forever confirm his
religious convictions. Unhappy, indeed, must be the youth
who grows to manhood imprisoned by the walls of the modern
city, where he is seldom permitted to behold the beauties of
the birth and death of day, to have his young heart thrill with
the music of the chase, or to' embrace the thousand allurements
of the field and the forest.
The life of Senator McL.M'Rix is a fitting illustration of the
possibilities of the American boy. He reached young man-
hood at a time when his native State was blackened and ruined
by the ravages of war. Those who were once rich had become
paupers, desolation and poverty reigned in every household of
the South; but adversity could not conquer the will of this
determined youth, and we find him while quite a boy driving
the iilowshare by day and reading by tlie flame of the fagot at
Address of Mr. Byrd of Mississippi 79
night. From this inauspicious beginning he traveled all the
ways and encountered all the obstacles along the pathway to
]Mr. Speaker, I am proud to have claimed Senator McL.\urin
as my friend, and if the tongue could voice the language of the
soul much would be added to this feeble tribute to his memory.
Not only was he my friend but he was the friend of all who
were wilHng and worthy. His noble heart, mellowing with
declining years, overflowed with forgiveness for his enemies and
increasing love for his friends. About his friendship there was
a magnetism that disarmed malice and dethroned envy. JIany
who in former years had hated liim loved him at his death, and
many of those whose vile tongues at one time embittered his
life forgot their wrath, received his forgiveness, and came to
mingle flowers and tears upon his grave. His friendship was
not an ephemeral passion, coquetting with its object in the
sunshine of life, but was of that divine order that beams forth
amid the shadows of adversity. Anywhere, everywhere, and
upon all occasions he heard the appeal of his friends, and their
wrongs were never so grievous as to compass his generous
charity. Often his benedictions fell like the balm of Gilead
upon some unfortunate friend and clung about him like the
tendrils of the creeping vine binding the wounds of the oak
shattered by the lightning's blast.
Mr. Speaker, the most sublime evidences of the divinity of
Christ and His teachings are to be found in the noble lives of
the good, who with abiding convictions of the immortality of the
soul and implicit confidence in the promises flashed from the
cross move among us like ministering angels, giving bread to the
hungrv and inspiring hope into the hopeless. Such lives are
like benedictions from heaven and challenge the respect of the
craven criminal and incite the admiration of the just. God
dwells in every soul broad enough to compass the woes of
8o Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
humanity. The road to heaven leads by the cradle of the
orphan, the widow's hut, and the prisoner's dungeon. The
whispered words of hope are as —
Sweet as the breath of mom
To the fallen and forlorn.
Our departed friend had an unfaltering Christian faith that
intensified and brightened as he approached the grave. In the
latter years of his life it seemed as though he was gently glid-
ing over the stream of time from the bosom of his friends
to the arms of his God. Beautiful were his Christian virtues.
His charity, gentleness, and kindness were like flowers blooming
by the wayside of life, shedding their rich perfume ujjoii all
who passed that way. He believed in all the promises of the
Bible as implicitly as the tender child does in the teachings of
its mother, and neither success nor learning nor the blandish-
ments of power could make him waver in his devotion to his
Maker. There was no place in his mind or heart for skepti-
cism, believing by intuition that "the hand that made us is
divine." The silent murmuring of his soul told him of the life
As the traveler hears the billows roll
Ere he reaches the sea.
If the grave be the end of life, then why all this magnificence
of man? Why is he permitted to build governments, erect
temples, and fathom the mysteries of nature? Is not the stupid
ox brought into life by the same law of reproduction, and does
he not feast upon the bounties of nature and lie down in death
like man ? Are we to share the same fate as the miserable worm
that banquets upon our bodies for a few days and then reliuns
itself unto dust? Nay; not so. Such a thought is revolting
to conscience and abhorrent to reason.
Go, thou infidel, and feast thy per\'erted soul in the llcshi)ois
of reason; go ask the heathen mother wh\-, to appease the
Address of Mr. Byrd of Mississippi 8i
wrath of an imaginary god, she consigns her first born to the
monsters of the deep; and go explore the landscapes of the past
and ask of the ruined idols and shattered temples if man has
not since the dawn of time worshiped at the shrine of some
In the soul of every human being there is an insatiable yearn-
ing for the habiliments of immortality, and since his fall in the
tragedy of Eden man has been struggling to regain the approv-
ing smiles of his Maker. The heavens above, the earth below,
the death and resurrection of the flowers — yea, all nature pro-
claims life beyond the grave.
Else whence this pleasing hope, this fond desire,
This longing after immortality;
Or whence this secret dread and inward horror
Of falling into naught? Why shrinks the soul
Back on herself, and startles at destruction?
'Tis the divinity that stirs within us;
'Tis heaven itself that points out a hereafter.
And intimates cteniity to man.
67675° — S. Doc. 577, 61-2 6
82 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
Address of Mr. Sisson of Mississippi
Mr. Speaker, in addressing myself to the life of Senator
McLaurin I shall do so without any idea of reviewing in
detail his remarkable career, because that has already been
done by others; but I would call attention to one principle that
always guided him through life.
Senator McLaurin was, in no partisan sense, a Democrat.
He was the most democratic man of my acquaintance. Senator
McLaurin believed as firmly as he believed in his own existence
in the right of the people to rule and to control. Senator
McLaurin did not fear to vest the people with power. He was
always afraid to take power away from them. He believed
that the best government was that which was closest to the
people and which sprung from them by and with their consent,
and not a government which was imposed upon them b\- supe-
rior power. It was this great democratic soul of his that
always found response in every audience, and whatever might
be the political stress or storm, however adverse the sentiment
of a community, when Senator McLaurin addressed the people
there was a genuine ring of democratic sincerity in every word
that he uttered, and the people felt it. It came from his soul
and shone out of his face and out of his eyes, and those who
heard him were converted and followed him, whatever might
have been their preconceived opinion of the man who came to
He never made an appeal to the people in his own cause in
his native State that they ever turned down. On one occasion,
when he was a candidate for the Senate, the first time he came
before the people of the State for that office — for he had been
elected prior to that time by the legislature — the first speech
Address of Mr. Sisson of Mississippi 83
made in that remarkable campaign was made in my little city.
There gathered there perhaps the largest throng of men of
political prominence that has ever assembled in our State at
one time and under one roof. It was understood that then and
there what was to be the beginning of the campaign might also
be the end. Senator McLaurin came from a sick bed. He
came weak and emaciated. His friends begged and besought
him, and so did his son-in-law and his brother, both of whom
were physicians, not to go. Theysaid, "Governor, you can not
afford to take the chance." But he was a Scotchman of courage
and determination, and I have heard Judge Stevens, his son-
in-law, say that while he feared for him he would not for a
moment insist that his father-in-law ought not to go.
Senator McLaurin came to Winona, Miss., where there had
gathered 10,000 people. They had come on special trains, the
anti-McLAURiN people endeavoring to create the feeling through-
out the State that his administration as governor ought not to
be indorsed. There were strong men at the time pitted against
him. One of them declined on that day to become a candidate
for the Senate. Mr. John Sharp Williams was urged by his
friends to enter the race, and he was to decide that day, and I
shall always recall Mr. Williams's last words in the speech that
he made. He said :
I will tarry yet a little while in Jericho, till my beard is a little longer
grown. I am not a candidate, my fellow-citizens, for the United States
I was sitting on the platform within a few feet of Senator
McLaurin, and I saw him at that time lean over and put his
hand on the shoulder of the presiding officer, and he whispered
to him. "That elects me to the United States Senate." From
that moment he had no doubt of his election, and although he
spoke then to an audience the majority of whom were perhaps
opposed to him, when that day's conflict was over I heard men
84 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
and merchants and farmers and lawyers of that section say,
"I came here an anti-McLAURiN man, but I shall support him
in this race for the Senate."
They had not heard him speak, because that was the first
campaign in Mississippi when the people elected a Senator, hui
when they heard him they beUeved in him, and it was this
abiding faith and trust which Senator McLaurin had in the
masses of the people that caused him to be in his own county
the idol of his people, that qiused him when onlv 23 years of
age to be elected district attorney, that sent him to the legisla-
ture, that made him an elector, that made him governor, that
made him a Senator of the United States.
Reference has been made to his service in the constitutional
convention. He did not vote for the present provisions of the
constitution of Mississippi which provides for the appoint-
ment of all judges by the governor, but voted against it. He
has sometimes been criticised for this, but no man ever criti-
cised Senator McLaurin on the stump that he did not regret
the criticism, because in that constitutional convention, believ-
ing in the right of the people to select their officers. Senator
McLaurin voted against this provision of the constitution be-
cause it denied the people of Mississippi tlie right to select
their judges. He was unwilling to vest the executive with the
enormous power of appointing the judges, although he himself
was perhaps at that very moment thinking of becoming a
candidate for gov-ernor.
Senator McLaurin has been charged in politics with reward-
ing his friends. I do not think that this is a criticism if his
friends are worthy. I heard a Senator say the other day that
the man who did not love his friends, the man who did not
always act so that his friends could rely upon him, was a man
who had no friends. Xo living man will say that Senator Mc-
Laurin was not true to his friends. No man will sav that he
Address of Mr. Sisson of Mississippi 85
was not true to the people. You may cast, if you please, what
criticism and aspersion you like against his administration as
governor, against his administration as Senator, but out of it
all there will always loom this mighty virtue of AnsE McLairin,
as he was commonly called in Mississippi. He was a friend of
the people, and he never cast a vote knowingly against their
interests. Never for one moment did he have any other thing
in his heart but a desire to advance the interests of the people
and to help the man who toils.
No poor ever begged of him that he turned away empty
handed, and the beauty about his charity was that he did not
give it as you would flip a quarter unwillingly to a beggar to
be rid of him, but he gave with a tear of sympathy in his eye.
He gave of his material substance and with it love and sympathy.
He gave with that sweet charity which rewards the giver more
than it does him who receives. It can be truly said of him that
he lived and made the world happier; he lived and made the
world a Uttle better; he lived and took from some human eye
a tear and from some human heart a pang of pain ; he made some
Uttle child happy and some poor pauper to feel that he was a
man. If that has been the course and conduct of a man through
this life, then his life has been a glorious success and not a failure.
And it was this heart in Senatpr McLaurin that made him loved
and respected by the people.
The tributes to-day to the memory of Senator McLauri.n but
faintly express the esteem for him here in Washington. It will
ever be a source of gratification to his family and friends in
Mississippi that words of sorrow and regret at his loss have
come from the hearts of those who have spoken here. Regard-
less of party affiliation or section, all the official family in
Washington deeply regret his departure. Even the bell boys
of the hotel in which he lived know that they have lost a friend
and were deeply affected at the news of his death.
86 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
He was kind to all, however humble in station.
His greetings were always hearty, his hand shake natural, his
Senator McLaurin never met a stranger, nor did anyone ever
feel that Senator McL.'VURIN was a stranger.
He exemplified in his life that he* believed that "all men were
The man of millions was no better in Senator McLaurin 's
eyes than the man who toils for bread.
The man who toils in any land appealed to him as well as
those of his own State.
He forgave his enemies when they asked forgiveness.
He faced his foes when they challenged him to combat, and
was a foeman worthy of any man's steel.
The conflict over, he bore himself a true knight in all his many
He was a man that neither success nor office ever changed or
A confederate soldier, true to the memory of the cause for
which he fought, yet not a trace of bitterness or sectional hatred
ever fell from his lips.
To every message of love and peace from those who fought for
the Union, he could reply from his heart in kind to them all.
No Union soldier could extend his hand toward the confederate
soldier that he would not be the first to grasp it. When our
friends from the North utter sentiments of love and affection
for us, the late Senator from Mississippi would be the first to
extend his thanks for the expression.
Senator McLaurin was one of those who wore the gray that
would always say that there was no feeling of hatred against
those wore the blue. This is the feeling of all that noble
band of heroes who fought for the confederacy. There is not in
their hearts one particle of pang or feeling toward those who
Address of My. Sisson of Mississippi 87
gloriously fought for the Union. Brave soldiers on both sides
respect each other, and Senator McLaurin was one of the
bravest of those who wore the gray, and when he and they sur-
rendered it was in good faith, and they all love the flag and our
common country and w'ill join in writing on the keystone of the
arch of the Union the words r.f/o perpetual
It is glorious to those of us who have inherited this common
country and whose fathers wore the gray to be able to say to
the sons of the fathers who wore the blue, "that across that
bloody chasm that used to be we have shaken hands."
It sometimes happens in the course of nature that the earth-
quake shock rends the mountain chain asunder. The great
and jagged rocks from either side of the chasm thus made
frown and glare at each other. The waters rush madly between
them. It is terrible to look upon. The changing seasons
come and go. The rocks are worn away and the chasm is gone.
The trees grow and vines cover them over and hang in festoons
from their branches. The birds come and fill the air with their
love notes, and the song of the turtle dove is heard in the land.
The stranger comes, pauses, and looks only to admire the beauty
of the scene.
So is the Union cemented together to-day, with unselfish love
for the common flag. The stranger comes, pauses, and looks
only to admire the beauty of the scene. He looks in amaze-
ment at the sacrifice on both sides. He knows not which to
most admire, they are so joined together in the bonds of peace,
glorious peace, and love for a common flag, each ready to do
or die for the honor of the Republic. All are Americans, and
feel honored in being such. Our friend that we honor to-day
was a typical American citizen. What greater thing can be said
of him ? What honor more could be given him ?
Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
Address of Mr. Dickson of Mississippi
Mr. Speaker: Our State has reason for pride; even in the
strains of sorrow her name is rendered distinguished, when
to-day her sons are met by those of other States to mingle
their voices in sympathy with ours; pride is tempered with
The voice of Ohio, through her soldier statesman, is generously
mingled with that of Kansas and Indiana, Michigan, Alabama,
and Missouri, to swell the accents of sorrow above the bier
of Mississippi's departed one. In the unending silence of the
grave is the absolute democracy of equaUty. Here the dead,
each in his narrow cell, keeps the voiceless vigils of unending
Here we bring to-day the contribution of our State to the
ever-accumulating increment of the centuries, a contribution of
our greatness, the name of one which is worthy to live.
The history of a nation is the chronicles of its people. No
brighter page adorns the annals of Mississippi throughout the
ninety-three years of her statehood than that which records the
services of her sons in the Senate of the Republic. If on no
other claim to rest her right to distinction, in joint honor with
her sisters, secure would be her position in history, haloed as it
is by the signal service of these illustrious ones. If "To be a
Roman is greater than a king," by no less of logic or truth, may
it be said, he who worthily answers to the name of Mississippi
in this council o/ the nation is a prince in the realm of freedom.
With savage stroke, Mr. Speaker, does the "dread Reaper"
glean in this har\-est field. Surely he loves "a shining mark, a
Address of Mr. Dickson of Mississippi 89
signal blow." Seven times in the last twelve months have we
been called to pay this last sad tribute of affection upon the
altar of memory for a departed friend. "What phantoms we
are, what phantoms we pursue."
Sixty-two years ago in the little ^'illage of Brandon, Miss.,
the spirit of him who is the subject of these exercises, Anselm
Joseph McLaurin, was ushered into being. Descended from
that hardy stock, built by the mingling blood of Scotch and
Welsh ancestry, which has contributed with such lavish prodi-
galitv to the rearing of American civilization, young Mc-
Laurin evinced early and continuously those crowning virtues
of both strains which sealed his life with the signet of success.
The earlv impressions which were left by his Christian parents
on him in this then sparsely settled country were such as to
i<mite the spark of self-reHance and into full flame fan the fires
of his soul for his future conquests and achievements.
Man is inevitably the resultant product of lineage, environ-
ment, and culture. Scarce had the callow days of infancy
passed, when, as a lad of 16, the rude alarm of war greeted
his ears — till then accustomed only to those peaceful, pastoral
sounds of home and countryside. Carried by the wave of war
into that vortex of passion and strife which for four years
bathed a nation alike in blood and tears, he passed through
this crucible of test, the pure gold unscathed and untarnished.
And lo, from the womb of war the lad was born a man!
The confederate soldier of 16, clad in his tattered suit of
gray, surveyed the horizon of his fame, his country's future.
It were well! Though the burdens borne were grievous and
difficult to be borne, yet they developed in him at this early
age those powers without which, and without which stress and
strife, his magnificent energies probably would have lain dor-
mant, never to rise into activity.
90 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
When at last the war clouds rolled away and to the shriek
of shot and shell came again the song of —
The beautiful bird of the South,
That had built its nest in the cannon's mouth —
the soldier rose to the occasion, sedate, strong, purposeful.
With assiduity he devoted his powers to the study of the law,
bringing to it that patient perseverance that alone wins from
this jealous mistress the reward of her favors. Soon through-
out the State his fame was spread, in extent commensurate
with her geographic limits, and extending beyond her confines
he was known as one who, could a case be won by honorable
means, would achieve success for that cause. As elsewhere,
so in Mississippi, the honest, the faithful lawyer, the capable
man inevitably rises to political preferment at the instance of
his people. So it was with Senator McL.^urin.
I would not claim for him that he never sought office. That
would be false. It is the part and duty of the good citizen,
who possessing the qualifications essential, to devote these
endowments to the service of his country. Back of the self-
seeking, on the part of the distinguished Mississippian, was
the impelling force of the confidence of his people; their belief
in his powers was the source from which flowed that stream
which bore him into places of honor and trust. This confidence
and belief was never disappointed, and to the end of his splendid
career his people cheerfully, willingly, yes I may say lovingly,
committed their interests to his keeping; knowing that while
there might be others equal in ability, none could be more
He was not perfect, he was man. There was "One ]X'rfcct,"
and they slew Him.
Oft upon his licad descended the scourging anathema of
political criticism, emanating from those disappointed in the
realization of their ambitions or counter to whose intent the
purposes of Senator McL.vurin ran.
Address of Mr. Dickson of Mississippi 91
Insincerity was charged; weakness in that he was loyal to
friends, too liberal use of the "pardoning power," all were
laid against him.
Somewhere, I recall not now, I have read that in the be-
ginning the Great Designer, conceiving the making of man,
called into council those attendant ministers about the throne
of Omnipotence — Justice, Truth, and Mercy — and laying bare to
them the designs of Deitv he asked counsel; in answer. Justice
first replied, "O God of Justice, make not man, for he will
trample Thv law beneath his feet and make of Justice a
mockery on earth." Truth, next summoned, said, "]\Iake not
man, O God of Truth, for he will pervert Thine own word,
Thou God of Truth, and make of verity a mockery in the
land." But Mercv, next in turn summoned, meekly came and
said "Make him, O Thou God of Mercy, and give him into my
keeping, and I will guide his footsteps and guard his walk
on earth." And He made him and said, "Go, thou child of
Mercv, and minister to thy fellows." Obedient to that inspira-
tion, God-given and God-felt, Anselm McLaurin lived, acted,
and died. By the God of Truth, in the light of Justice, and by
the measure of Mercy, is he rewarded.
To the charge of insincerity I demur, and to the alleged
weakness in that he was faithful to friends I plead concur-
rence. To the charge of leniency in the use of the power of
pardon, I do not know, nor do I care; but if true, I answer,
"If he leaned to Mercy's side, in mercy is he forgiven."
Senator McL-^urin occupied almost all stations official in the
catalogue of the public service of Mississippi. Loyalty charac-
terized the attachment of those who followed his personal and
political fortunes. Friendship was his talisman, and the im-
varving majority attending his every political contest ser\fes
as an eloquent eulogium of his hold upon the hearts of his
people. He was a warrior without defeat, a victor without
92 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
disdain. No sun ever set upon that field of strife whereon he
was a contestant that marked the trailing of his banner in
the wake of the conquered.
His last years were his most illustrious, in that he lived a
life that was a lesson luminous and illustrative of the best.
The majestic Christian walked hand in hand with the accom-
To him who speaks it was permitted to see him last of all
who here with him served. Two days after the Thanksgiving
of the nation I met him. It was after something of a taxing
journey. The salutations passed, he said, "Will, I am tired.
The doctor says the valve of my heart is leaking." It was too
true. Through that greatest of his parts his splendid soul was
finding an ebbing place. As came the Christmastide, the re-
curring season remindful of the Master's birth, in the heart
of his family, saying "I feel better to-day," after a season of
depression, his majestic soul took its flight, without further
Just a day after, in the little city of Brandon, off to one side
in God's chosen acre, where "the rude forefathers of the
hamlet sleep," they laid him in the gentle bosom of his mother.
There at last in his windowless tenement he rests. The "dead
Douglas" has won the field; and in this his last triumph we see
his greatest victory. He conquered self, but bent to none but
God, and lived as one who might say of the irrevocable past.
Out of the night that covers me,
Black as the pit from pole to pole,
I thank whatever gods there be
For ray unconquerable soul .
In the strong stress of circumstance
I have not winced nor cried aloud;
Under the bludgeonings of chance
My head is bloody but unbowed.
Address of Mr. Dickson of Mississippi 93
Beyond this vale of wrath and tears
Looms a bright vista through the shade,
So that the menace of the years
Joyfully finds me unafraid.
It matters not how strait the gate,
How charged with punishment the goal,
I am the master of my fate,
I am the captain of my soul.
In the grave, common receptacle of all, we are equals.
Nor to this ultimate tribunal was it needed that .Senator
McLaurin should appeal for the vindication of men.
He needed not the emblem of rank to mark his leadership.
At last, to that court from which there is not appeal he
has submitted his cause.
Before that fateful portal, where place and station are not
known, he stands.
The process of reason can not wrest, the symphony of song
can not induce, nor the honeyed words of suasion exact a favor-
ing verdict from this dread tribunal.
There poverty meets in equal status the minions of Mam-
mon, and Lazarus is unashamed of his rags.
There poverty has its premium and riches its discount.
There ostentation disrobes, the obsequious unmasks, the
laborer receives his hire, the deceiver his reward.
The Herald of that Court cries eternal justice, and from
His cry there is no appeal.
Here the arm of infancy is matched in strength with the
mighty, and at this forum Mercy has ever her day and Justice
renders the decree eternal.
The glory of his life consists not in the victories t hat he won
at the bar, nor in the eloquence that distinguished him, nor in
offices of position and honor with which his people intrusted
him, but his fame reposes and will rest upon that pedestal
94 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin
framed in the faith that is born of the love of a people who
throughout a long career honored him ever and without
In this confidence, in this faith, in this love of his countrv-
men, Senator A. J- McLaurix, could he speak to-day, might
truthfully exclaim —
Exigi monumentum, a^re perennius.
Address of Mr. Bennet oj New York 95
Address of Mr. Bennet of New York
Mr. Speaker, Senator McLaurin is a pleasant memory to all
those who knew him. He was a courteous gentleman of the
type which, unfortunately for ourselves, we allude to as the
"old school." Kindly, considerate, and helpful, he made new
friends daily and rarely lost one. ^My own acquaintance with
him was closest during his brief membership on the Immigra-
tion Commission, though before that we had been members of
the conference committee on the immigration bill of 1907.
There was about him an air of genial companionship, of broad
toleration, of real interest, which was irresistible. His State
had honored him greatly, but he had honored her always
by straightforward, useful service.
We shall miss him. A certain soldierly directness always
spoke the long serv^ice of his stripling youth; a certain brevity
of speech and poise of manner, a successful executive; a com-
plete knowledge of the principles of the law, the studious and
And so, with a life rounded and complete, he has passed over.
But ever, as we think of him, he will be here, and always as a
pleasant thought. In the life of long ago we shall still see the
boy soldier; in the nearer years, the advocate and the states-
man; but ever in thought the courtly gentleman strolling through
the paths of a southern garden between the flowers, with the
sunbeams of a kindly morning scarcely more radiant than his
B Ap 'I